(redirected from Physical job)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.


Gainful employment. Strictly speaking, a job refers to employment by another person or company, but the word is often used to describe self-employment as well. Because individuals are compensated for their work at their jobs, these are considered necessary for a society to function. According to Keynesian economics, the money one earns from a job can create more jobs because the money creates demand for goods and services that must be provided. Supply-side economics, on the other hand, maintains that lower taxes are best for job creation.


  1. a work task or series of work tasks to be performed. For factory operatives the work tasks are often clearly defined as a specific set of machining or assembly operations. By contrast, at senior management level, work tasks are less clearly defined and managers have more discretion as to the range of tasks to be performed and how they are performed.
  2. a unit of good or service for which costs can be ascertained. The job or cost unit could consist of a single order. Alternatively, the job or cost unit could be a batch or group of identical products passing together through production.


a work task or series of work tasks to be performed in order to produce a good or service. Jobs differ in terms of skills, physical fitness, personality, etc., requirements, and in terms of the decision-making autonomy and responsibilities involved. Some jobs involve a wide-ranging set of work tasks while others may be broken down into a number of narrowly defined activities through a ‘division of labour’. Such SPECIALIZATION is often conducive to achieving high levels of labour PRODUCTIVITY in industries such as motor-car assembly that utilize mass production techniques. In other cases, productivity may be enhanced by grouping together larger numbers of work tasks to form individual jobs. Job design has an important effect on job satisfaction and thus levels of absenteeism, labour turnover, industrial disputes, etc., which affect productivity In some instances the process of specialization has been partially reversed by programmes of job enlargement (adding additional tasks to provide greater variety), 288

job rotation (where workers rotate jobs to reduce monotony) and job enrichment (where workers are given greater scope in deciding how tasks should be performed).

References in periodicals archive ?
Not surprisingly, physical job demands fall significantly with educational attainment.
The VJF is hassle- and stress-free and saves time as well as travel and logistical costs associated with visiting physical job fairs, while providing professionals with complete confidentiality and the convenience of participating from the comfort of their home, office, or any computer lab ", stated Labaky.
Mental and physical job strain in midlife were related to an increased need for hospital care and premature mortality, the researcher said.
Working in the ambulance service was a very physical job and I was also working as a scuba diving instructor, which I shouldn't have been doing with asthma.
Director Barry Purves added: "It's a surprisingly physical job.
And this, remember, in a physical job which involves concentration and manual dexterity.
The innovative virtual job fair features animated 3D "virtual booths" on the website for different participating companies, and like a physical job fair, each booth will be branded with the exhibitors' names and logos and will provide access to a range of information about the company, including corporate culture, the company's business activities and recruitment practices.
He added: "This is a case at the upper end of seriousness and despite whatever medical problems you say you have, I think the public would be outraged that someone claiming they were too unwell to work was employed in such a laborious, physical job as a tyre fitter.
9 (hard daily exercise/sports & physical job or twice-daily training, i.
Susan Gomersall, from Sunderland said: "They do a very physical job, so the fact they're being asked to pay more into their pensions and work until they're 60 is definitely worthy of strike action.

Full browser ?