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Gainful employment. Strictly speaking, a job refers to employment by another person or company, but the word is often used to describe self-employment as well. Because individuals are compensated for their work at their jobs, these are considered necessary for a society to function. According to Keynesian economics, the money one earns from a job can create more jobs because the money creates demand for goods and services that must be provided. Supply-side economics, on the other hand, maintains that lower taxes are best for job creation.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved


  1. a work task or series of work tasks to be performed. For factory operatives the work tasks are often clearly defined as a specific set of machining or assembly operations. By contrast, at senior management level, work tasks are less clearly defined and managers have more discretion as to the range of tasks to be performed and how they are performed.
  2. a unit of good or service for which costs can be ascertained. The job or cost unit could consist of a single order. Alternatively, the job or cost unit could be a batch or group of identical products passing together through production.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson


a work task or series of work tasks to be performed in order to produce a good or service. Jobs differ in terms of skills, physical fitness, personality, etc., requirements, and in terms of the decision-making autonomy and responsibilities involved. Some jobs involve a wide-ranging set of work tasks while others may be broken down into a number of narrowly defined activities through a ‘division of labour’. Such SPECIALIZATION is often conducive to achieving high levels of labour PRODUCTIVITY in industries such as motor-car assembly that utilize mass production techniques. In other cases, productivity may be enhanced by grouping together larger numbers of work tasks to form individual jobs. Job design has an important effect on job satisfaction and thus levels of absenteeism, labour turnover, industrial disputes, etc., which affect productivity In some instances the process of specialization has been partially reversed by programmes of job enlargement (adding additional tasks to provide greater variety), 288

job rotation (where workers rotate jobs to reduce monotony) and job enrichment (where workers are given greater scope in deciding how tasks should be performed).

Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A new study has found that men with highly physical jobs had an 18 percent higher risk of early death compared to those with jobs involving low levels of physical activity.
The virtual booths, like physical job fairs, are branded with the exhibitor's name and logo and provide visitors access to a range of information about that particular company.
It can also be a physical job; from climbing scaffolding on construction sites, to removing floorboards to inspect electrical wiring.
Participating in the online technology job fair minimised the hassle, time, and resource requirements associated with event management at a physical job fair, allowing for cost savings of up to 50% and maximising an organisation's human resources return on investment.
All-weather surfaces, modern feeds and radical veterinary advances mean horses are fitter than ever, but they are working animals who have to be prepared to do a hard physical job calling for maximum exertion.
The innovative VJF will have all the ingredients of physical job fair, the only difference being it would be online with features such as animated branded 3D Aovirtual boothsAo for participating exhibitors to sport their names and logos; in addition to providing access to a range of information about the company, their corporate culture, the companyAAEs business activities and recruitment practices
The virtual booths, like physical job fairs, were branded with the exhi-bitors' names and logos and pro-vided access to a range of information about each company.
MicroScribe digitisers improve the speed and accuracy with which the users collect physical job data, allowing them to more quickly model parts and make precise alignments.
It is a tough physical job and is not mechanized at all."
Amongst all physical job capabilities, a nurse is a friend, a mother, a teacher, an advocate, and above all, a leader.
In addition to the physical job requirements, worker capacity, skill, and the social and physical organization of the work environment may influence the development and/or expression of MSDs.
"It's a physical job and I'll be carrying that on this season.

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