But the paradox of voting
shows that, amid all the other problems of collective decision making, the voting process itself permits logical inconsistencies.
Such a rational-choice perspective raises what has come to be called the "paradox of voting
." Even though it seems as if the costs of voting almost always exceed its benefits, people nevertheless vote in unexpectedly large numbers.
One of the fascinating aspects of this story is that another special case of Arrow's theorem, called the paradox of voting
, had been discovered in the 18th century by a French mathematician and philosopher, the Marquis de Condorcet, and again in the 19th century by mathematician Charles Dodgson (better known by his literary nom de plume, Lewis Caroll), and independently once again by economist Duncan Black a bit before Arrow developed his theorem.
Your vote counts on account of the way it is counted: an institutional solution to the paradox of voting
. Public Choice, 54(1), 101-121.
P is for what PUBLIC CHOICE THEORISTS call the PARADOX OF VOTING
, which questions not why so few of us vote, but why so many.
If voters decide to vote and choose their options according to a (conditioned) conceptualization of the public interest the interpretation of the paradox of voting
can be very different and more positive.
A paradox of voting
: Cyclical majorities and the case of muscle shoals.
"The Paradox of Voting
: Probability Calculations." Behavioral Science 13 (1968):306-316.
Carrots and sticks have been employed to increase voter turnout since the birth of democracy, in reaction to what rational choice theorists have termed "the paradox of voting
":(6) given the infinitesimal chance that one's own vote could affect the outcome of most elections or the stability of the electoral system, it often appears rational to abstain from voting.
"The Occurrence of the Paradox of Voting
in University Elections." Public Choice 7:91-100.