From Resolution 40, "International Protection of the Essential Rights of Man" of the Final Act of the Inter-American Conference on Problems of War and Peace, as cited in Inter-American Juridical Committee, "Draft Declaration of the International Rights and Duties of Man and Accompanying Report" (Washington, DC: Pan-American Union
, March 1946).
This endeavor resulted in the Rio Pact in 1947, a military alliance based on collective security, and the Organization of American States (OAS) in 1948, an entity conceived as the successor of the Pan-American Union
to promote political solidarity and commercial intercourse.
The authors describe all the contentious issues: a veto for the Big Five on everything except a Security Council decision to discuss a matter, seats for the Ukraine and White Russia even though they were then no more independent of Moscow than New York and California were of Washington, a seat for Argentina despite its embrace of Hitler, the charter's inclusion of the right of countries or organizations like the Pan-American Union
to defend themselves.