labour law

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labour law

the body of legislation and judicial decisions concerned with INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, TRADE UNIONS and employment. Labour law has two main forms:
  1. individual labour law, relating to the rights and obligations of individual employees.

    From the 1960s onwards the volume of law in this area has grown considerably, partly as a response to European Union legislation. The Employment Act 1975 was particularly important as it established the right not to be unfairly dismissed (see UNFAIR DISMISSAL). Other important legislation in this era proscribed DISCRIMINATION on grounds of race or sex. In the 1980s individual rights were weakened somewhat. For example, the qualifying period for the right not to be unfairly dismissed was extended. However, legislation by the European Union counterbalanced this trend to some extent, and in the 1990s employees' rights in the areas of dismissal, MATERNITY RIGHTS, PARENTAL LEAVE and WORKING TIME were widened and strengthened;

  2. collective labour laws, relating to the activities of TRADE UNIONS and the conduct of INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. Traditionally, the law has not played an important role in industrial relations, and agreements made between unions and employers are not legally binding (see VOLUNTARISM). However, industrial relations has become increasingly subject to legal intervention in recent years (see JURIDIFICATION). In the 1970s a statutory union recognition procedure was established (subsequently repealed) by the Employment Act 1975. This law also required that employers consult over REDUNDANCIES and pass to unions information relevant to collective bargaining (see DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION). In the 1980s and 1990s the conduct of STRIKES, TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES, SECONDARY ACTION, and the CLOSED SHOP were all the subjects of legislation, much of it aimed at eradicating what the government saw as trade union abuses. Recently a new STATUTORY UNION RECOGNITION PROCEDURE was introduced. Whilst union action continues to be highly regulated, labour law is now seen to be less hostile to unions than it was in the 1980s and 1990s. See MINIMUM WAGE.
References in periodicals archive ?
The revision proposed by the Executive Yuan has basically kept most of the articles passed last year but left some room for negotiations regarding extending working hours and prolonging paid holidays between employers and workers.
Depending on where you live or where you work, this day may be a paid holiday or it would be like any other regular Monday.
The UAE private sector will get the first and second days of the month of Shawwal as official paid holidays on the occasion of Eid Al Fitr, announced Saqr Ghobash, Minister of Human Resources and Emiratisation.
EU holiday pay warning benefited the most since guaranteed minimum paid holiday rights were introduced in 1998.
General secretary Frances O'Grady said: "Millions of working people enjoyed paid holidays in their job for the first time thanks to the rights we won from Europe, and millions more got extra time off to spend with their children and their friends, go away with the family or simply have a well-earned break.
These include the right to paid holidays, the working time directive, health and safety laws, protection against discrimination and rights for pregnant women, older workers and agency staff.
Countries guaranteeing paid holidays among the 21 countries surveyed include the following:
The paid holidays were not part of the latest proposal.
Summary: Tens of thousands of employees are being denied their legal right to time off work and paid holidays, according to a new report.
No work means no wages - or paid holidays for that matter.
A RECENT study of working hours and paid holidays indicated that employees in Nicosia cannot complain.
WEBSTER - Police union members, in an effort to ward off layoffs, have given up all 11 paid holidays in fiscal 2010, their leader said yesterday.