Despite the differences between Hui and Han and the diversity and mutability of Hui Islamic expression in China, many PITI leaders still construct their own Islamic tradition by linking it with Muslims in China, promoting the history of Cheng Ho, and building a Chinese-style mosque.
The PITI in particular has established a good relationship with both NU and Muhammadiyah in Surabaya.
As the mosque is situated in a majority non-Muslim neighbourhood, the PITI consulted local residents and gained their support for its construction.
Through various activities, the PITI is also strategic in promoting cultural diversity and religious inclusivity by combining Chinese, Islamic and local cultural elements.
PITI branches, from Sumatra to Sulawesi and from Java to Kalimantan, announced their intention to build Chinese-style mosques.
PITI South Sumatra initiated this mosque after the branch's leaders visited their counterparts in Surabaya and were inspired by the architectural design of the Cheng Hoo Mosque there.
As Chinese Muslims are dispersed across the archipelago, efforts by the PITI to replicate the Surabaya Cheng Hoo Mosque in Palembang and in other cities also reflect attempts to forge a "translocal" Chinese Muslim cultural identity in Indonesia.
Besides the PITI, individual Chinese Muslims have also engaged in the construction of Chinese Muslim translocal imaginations through building Chinese-style mosques.
Similarly, while the PITI is their major organization, Chinese Muslims are also active in other local religious organizations.
Similarly, during the 2009 riots in Xinjiang involving Han Chinese and Uighur Muslims, a Chinese Muslim in Indonesia who claimed to be a spokesperson of the PITI criticized China's brutality towards Uighurs and regretted the silence of Muslim nations on the discrimination against and persecution of that group.
For many Indonesians, both Chinese and Muslims, the PITI is synonymous with Chinese Muslims, and Chinese Muslims equal the PITI.
The PITI has organized a mass khitanan (circumcision) at the Cheng Hoo mosque for poor Muslims in Surabaya in cooperation with Al-Irsyad, a Muslim organization made up predominantly of people of Arab descent.