federal funds rate

(redirected from Overnight Rates)

Federal funds rate

The interest rate that banks with excess reserves at a Federal Reserve district bank charge other banks that need overnight loans. The Fed funds rate, as it is called, often points to the direction of US interest rates. The most sensitive indicator of the direction of interest rates, since it is set daily by the market, unlike the prime rate and the discount rate.

Federal Funds Rate

The interest rate at which fed funds are lent to a bank. Fed funds refer to the amount of money that a commercial bank in the United States has in excess of its reserve requirement that is deposited at the Federal Reserve Bank of their district. Federal funds are available for lending to other banks on an overnight basis. The FOMC sets a target for the federal funds rate, but the actual interest rates at which banks lend to one another are set by market forces. Generally speaking, however, when one speaks of the Fed raising or lowering "interest rates," this refers to the federal funds rate.

federal funds rate

The rate of interest on overnight loans of excess reserves made among commercial banks. Because the Federal Reserve has significant control over the availability of federal funds, the rate is considered an important indicator of Federal Reserve monetary policy and the future direction of other interest rates. A declining federal funds rate may indicate that the Federal Reserve has decided to stimulate the economy by releasing reserves into the banking system. Care is needed in using this indicator, however, because a declining rate may simply mean that the banks have weak demand for commercial loans and little need for borrowing reserves.
Case Study The Federal Reserve announced in early December 2001 it was lowering its target federal funds rate from 2.00% to 1.75%, the lowest level in 40 years. The quarter-point decline represented the 11th reduction in the benchmark short-term interest rate since the beginning of the year and established a target rate lower than the rate of inflation. The federal funds rate represents the rate that banks pay to borrow reserves from other banks. This rate influences other short-term rates, including the prime rate and the interest rate on U.S. Treasury bills. The aggressive Federal Reserve policy toward reducing interest rates was intended to stimulate a weak economy that had produced rising unemployment and business failures, especially following the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C. The Federal Reserve has tools available to affect short-term interest rates but not long-term rates, which are influenced by inflation expectations of lenders and borrowers. Thus, an aggressive policy by the Federal Reserve to reduce short-term rates and stimulate the economy can actually result in higher long-term rates as investors become concerned that increased economic activity will be accompanied by rising inflation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Regulators are concerned, however, that banks' push for lower reserves and higher overnight rates is meant to give them more funds with which to earn higher interest rates at the expense of the BSP and domestic inflation.
Following the moderation of surplus liquidity due to T-bonds auctions during August-October, overnight rates hardened somewhat during the fourth quarter of the year.
Hence, central banks try to avoid excessive volatility in overnight rate because; (1) any erratic volatility in these rates may prove to be unfavorable for efficient market functioning through ineffective policy signals; and (2) this unwarranted volatility in overnight rates may be transmitted to long-term rates which are more relevant from the perspective of consumption and investment decisions in the economy.
The Philippine central bank has announced that it has left its overnight rates unchanged.
The official spot rate sustained overnight rates at Rs 4650.
With inflation trending down, private economists expect the central bank will hold benchmark overnight rates in its next and last monetary policy meeting for 2014, but will likely be pressured to change stance if the exchange market continue to be volatile.
Five of seven economists in a Reuters survey had forecast the bank would leave its overnight rates unchanged.
If properly implemented, the placement of the cheap medium-term funds could bring the overnight rates closer to the middle of the policy rates corridor (c.
The reference index is the daily money market reference interest rate, which represents the weighted average of interbank overnight rates.
Loans and SWAP overnight rates, as well as Lombard loans and SWAP rates, are to be cut to 55%, from 60%.
In the money market, overnight rates were unchanged at their top level of 11.
A Reuters survey showed 10 out of 11 economists had expected overnight rates for lending and deposits to be left at 9.