gap

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Related to Osmolal gap: osmolar gap

Gap

Financing that is required, but for which no provision has been made. The difference in total funding needed for a proposal and the amount of funding already made available.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Gap

1. In technical analysis, a break on a chart representing a sudden and large price movement accompanied by high trading volume. Generally speaking, charts do not show gaps because price movements, even when large, occur smoothly enough to not require a break in the chart. Gaps may occur, for example, when the price of a security suddenly doubles or halves. As with many charting terms, it may be bullish or bearish; a sudden movement upward is a bullish gap, while a sudden movement downward is bearish. It is also called a breakaway gap.

2. Financing that is needed but unavailable. A common solution to filling a gap is borrowing.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

gap

A price range in which no shares are traded. A gap on a chart is created when the lowest price at which a security trades on one day is above the highest price at which the same security was traded on the previous day. Thus, if a stock trades between a low of $51 and a high of $52.50 on Monday and between $53.50 and $54 on the following day, a gap from $52.50 to $53.50 is created on a chartist's graph. A gap may have varying degrees of significance, depending on the general formation and the volume at the time the gap occurs. Also called price gap. See also breakaway gap, exhaustion gap, runaway gap.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

gap

A time period when an additional title search is being conducted to determine if any adverse findings have occurred since the original title search and the recording of the deed or mortgage.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Traditionally, such poisoning is recognized by ethylene glycol's tendency to cause an increase in the serum osmolal gap with and without an increase in the serum anion gap.
The authors correctly identify that the baseline osmolal gap in an individual can be low.
While awaiting definitive measurements of these alcohols, clinicians may turn to surrogate tests, such as the anion gap or the osmolal gap. Strong acids produced by metabolism of ethylene glycol and methanol are present in appreciable millimolar concentrations and are detectable as an increased anion gap.
* Depending solely on the anion and osmolal gaps to diagnose and guide treatment of patients poisoned by EG can be misleading.
The contribution of ethylene glycol or ethanol to the osmolal gap can also be calculated: each 16 mmol/L (100 mg/dL) increment in ethylene glycol concentration contributes ~16 mOsm/kg [H.sub.2]O, and each 22 mmol/L (100 mg/dL) of ethanol contributes 22 mOsm/kg [H.sub.2]O to the osmolal gap.
Although metabolism of ethylene glycol diminishes the osmolal gap, the generation of unmeasured acidic metabolites of ethylene glycol augments the anion gap [18,30].
Conversely, the simultaneous presence of metabolic acidosis with an increased anion and osmolal gap, although highly suggestive of ethylene glycol or methanol poisoning, is not specific for these intoxications [40,41].
If the poisoning is not detected until late in the clinical course, as in case 3, toxicokinetic variables affecting measurement of serum ethylene glycol and other variables such as the anion gap and osmolal gap may obscure the laboratory diagnosis of suspected ethylene glycol poisoning.