In a working paper, Grullon, Kanatas, and Weston (2014) found that organizations in areas with a higher level of per capita adherents to an organized religion were less likely to be the targets of class action lawsuits, engage in forms of options backdating
that are not illegal per se, and manipulate their earnings.
Liftik, Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan said, has "extensive experience as a securities litigator, having worked on major securities regulatory crises, including market timing and late trading, stock options backdating
and the financial crisis."
The case is one of the last open prosecutions arising from government or internal investigations of stock options backdating
at over 200 companies, including Comverse, which was acquired in 2013 by former unit Verint Systems Inc.
We develop a novel approach to overcome this limitation in the context of one of the most notable corporate scandals of the twenty-first century: stock options backdating
. Options backdating
involves falsifying incentive option grant dates in order to increase the value of the options to executives.
(10) Regarding stopping options backdating
however, we find that
Her white-collar cases have involved allegations of insurance fraud, antitrust violations, options backdating
, securities fraud, money laundering, OFAC violations, improper mutual fund trading practices, embezzlement, insider trading, market manipulation and tax-related fraud.
And let's not forget the options backdating
scandals that grew as a direct result from do-gooder attempts to limit CEO pay.
"In the past few years, we've seen filings related to IPOs, options backdating
, subprime mortgages, the credit crisis ...
May 13, 2008); PATRICK CONROY, ERIK STETTLER, NATHAN SAPERIA, SUNIL PANIKKATH & MATTHEW EVANS, OPTIONS BACKDATING
: A PRIMER 1-3 (2006), available at http://www.nera.com/ extImage/PUB_Backdating_Part_1_Primer_SEC1381_Ju12007-FINAL.pdf.
When the SEC and the Internal Revenue Service were investigating stock options backdating
, the company that did not conduct an internal investigation was an anomaly.
(18.) Fleischer, V., "Options Backdating
, Tax Shelters, and Corporate Culture," (2005), working paper, University of Colorado Law School.