training

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Related to On-the-job training: off-the-job training

training

the process of extending and improving the SKILLS and knowledge of people so as to improve JOB performance. A distinction can be made between vocational training, i.e. the acquisition of specific occupational skills, and pre-vocational training, i.e. the development of awareness of the world of work and employment. Education develops those basic skills such as writing and numeracy which form the bedrock for more specialized occupational skills.

To determine what training is required in an organization or economy, it is beneficial to undertake a training needs analysis. As a first step the main goals or priorities have to be established; then it is necessary to consider what skills are necessary to achieve these objectives. These are compared with the existing stock of skills amongst workers. Any deficiency is referred to as a skills gap and represents the skills that should be provided by training. A comprehensive approach to training will involve a needs analysis, a programme to close this gap and a monitoring and evaluation process to determine whether it has been successful.

Although it is generally accepted that training improves job performance, UK employers are often reluctant to provide training. The UK in fact has a poor record compared with its main competitors such as Germany. Training in the UK is widely viewed as a cost rather than an investment, and one whose potential benefits are difficult to quantify on the balance sheet. Employers fear that employees, once trained, will leave or be poached for higher paid employment.

Traditionally, the training system in the UK was voluntarist (see VOLUNTARISM) in that the state had little role in directing the structures and content of training programmes and institutions. However, state intervention has grown in recent years. Currently, the system of vocational training is overseen by the recently-created national and local LEARNING AND SKILLS COUNCILS and the government has established a framework of vocational qualifications (see NATIONAL VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION). There is also an emphasis on skill development and training amongst the unemployed in the Welfare-to-Work programme. Participants in this programme receive training as part of work placements. See MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT, ACCREDITATION OF EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING, ACCREDITATION OF PRIOR LEARNING, APPRENTICESHIP, NEW DEAL.

training

the process of extending and improving the SKILLS and KNOW-HOW of people so as to improve the performance of the LABOUR FORCE and thus enhance PRODUCTIVITY. A broad distinction can be made between ‘vocational training’, that is, training concerned with the acquisition of specific occupational skills, and ‘general education’, which develops those basic skills such as writing and numeracy that form the basis for the development of more specialized occupational skills.

Vocational training is provided by firms through apprenticeships (‘on-the-job’ training), in-company short courses, management development programmes, etc. Governments also sponsor and finance vocational training initiatives as well as undertaking responsibilities for the provision of general education. Currently the system of government vocational training is overseen by the recently created national and local LEARNING AND SKILLS COUNCILS, and the government has established a framework of vocational qualifications (National Vocational Qualifications - NVQs) to encourage training in transferable skills.

Under the NEW DEAL (1998), unemployed youths (in the age group 18–24) and the older long-term unemployed (aged 25 or over), receiving the JOBSEEKERS ALLOWANCE, can be placed on a one-year full-time training course. See INVESTORS IN PEOPLE, DEPARTMENT FOR EDUCATION AND SKILLS.

References in periodicals archive ?
This idea suggests that in the workplace, learning-by-doing and on-the-job training can be among the most effective ways of training workers.
Instead, they inferred the amount of on-the-job training received by observing wage growth over a fixed period of time without accounting for the possibility that individuals may change jobs during the period of observation.
32) In theory, on-the-job training promised to provide southern black veterans with a prime opportunity to improve their lives by offering them a way to adapt their wartime skills and obtain skilled jobs.
The IPD guide to on-the-job training defines training as training conducted by a manager, supervisor or peer colleague at or near the normal work position of the trainee.
Therefore, dispatchers must be able to cope with a wide and varied range of situations in police services that require more class time, more practice, and eventually more on-the-job training.
However, there is an alternative to the haphazardly prepared on-the-job training programs found in many security departments.
New employment activities launched this year included the "Aviation Recruitment Series" which provided on-the-job training and employment opportunities for youngsters aspiring to join the aviation industry as cabin crew, aircraft maintenance craftsmen or passenger services agents; the "Junior Tradesman Associate Training Project" which is a brand- new project jointly organised by YETP and MTR Corporation Limited; and the Horticulture and Arboriculture Trainee Training Project for an emerging industry.
ANKARA (CyHAN)- The government plans to announce a new regulation under which the government would pay the salaries of unemployed individuals who are getting on-the-job training in firms for a period of six months, according to sources from the Ministry of Labor.
The seminar spotlights the importance of on-the-job training for students, familiarizing with skills needed by students while on training from the labour market perspective, boosting communication channels between colleges of technology and work establishments, highlighting the role of the private sector in supporting students training of colleges of technology and proposing mechanisms for developing on-the-job training to students of colleges of technology.
About 93 of them attended the interviews, 19 were appointed and 14 were admitted for the on-the-job training and three job-seekers will be sent abroad for training, while 60 job-seekers rejected the three jobs offered to them and 282 did not attend the interviews.
New Hampshire has won a $675,314 competitive on-the-job training grant from the U.