The absence of CSF oligoclonal bands
at the time of diagnosis is a good prognostic factor .
are rarely present in the cerebrospinal fluid and when observed, are transient.
5) There are 2 abnormal mirror CSF/serum patterns, that is, type 4, identical oligoclonal bands
in CSF and serum indicating systemic inflammation, and type 5, monoclonal bands in CSF and serum suggesting monoclonal protein; neither demonstrates local IgG synthesis.
Examination of cerebrospinal fluid often reveals an elevated total protein with oligoclonal bands
, normal to low glucose, and possibly mild pleocytosis of monocytic or lymphocytic predominance.
Our patient fulfills the MS category ([less than or equal to] 1 criterion) since oligoclonal bands
were present and there was no radiological evidence of grey-matter involvement.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies show lymphocytic pleocytosis and oligoclonal bands
In the present study, we observed that a substantial percentage of the samples had a diagnosis of demyelinating diseases, especially MS, as their diagnostic protocol included the presence of oligoclonal bands
of Ig G and/or the index of Ig G in CSF (4).
3], elevated protein of 75 mg/dL, normal glucose, and eight unique oligoclonal bands
by electrophoresis (normal: none), indicative of immunoglobulin production by plasma cells and central nervous system disease.
In the Arkansas study, four of the eight patients who had a lumbar puncture had an elevated IgG index and positive oligoclonal bands
the disease-causing abilities of antibodies found in the oligoclonal bands
in the spinal fluid of people with MS
1 mg/dl, glucose 54 mg/dl (102 mg/dl in the serum), and an increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) IgG index without oligoclonal bands
7), which may indicate a breakdown of the blood-brain barrier, mild mononuclear pleocytosis, myelin debris, oligoclonal bands
, and slightly elevated protein (50-100 mg/100 ml).