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A company can create an independent company from an existing part of the company by selling or distributing new shares in the so-called spin-off.


A situation in which a company offers stock in one of its wholly-owned subsidiaries or dependent divisions such that subsidiary or division becomes an independent company. The parent company may or may not maintain a portion of ownership in the newly spun-off company. A company may conduct a spin-off for any number of reasons. For example, it may wish to divest itself of one industry so it can expand into another. It may also simply wish to profit from the sale of the subsidiary. A spin off should not be confused with a split off.


In a spin-off, a company sets up one of its existing subsidiaries or divisions as a separate company.

Shareholders of the parent company receive stock in the new company based on an evaluation established for the new entity. In addition, they continue to hold stock in the parent company.

The motives for spin-offs vary. A company may want to refocus its core businesses, shedding those that it sees as unrelated. Or it may want to set up a company to capitalize on investor interest.

In other cases, a corporation may face regulatory hurdles in expanding its business and spin off a unit to be in compliance. Sometimes, a group of employees will assume control of the new entity through a buyout, an employee stock ownership plan (ESOP), or as the result of negotiation.

References in periodicals archive ?
On the right extremity is another small off-shoot of the cottage-cluster - Westbury Terrace.
Information age industries cluster in the suburbs, in business parks filled with software developers and other off-shoots of the computer revolution.
Fans put up to pounds 6000 each into Celtic Insurance Services and Celtic Investment Services - both off-shoots of Caledonian.
Associate Director for Alzheimer's Association Los Angeles, said, "Over the years, the work done in this initial partnership has stimulated several quality-targeted off-shoots, including the development of Kaiser Permanente's Alzheimer's Disease Management Guidelines.