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International Organization for Standardization

A non-governmental organization that sets standard codes for countries and currencies. ISO sets the ISO 3166 codes for countries and provinces, which are used in international banking transactions and shipping. Likewise, it sets the ISO 4217 codes for individual currencies. ISO has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, and, because its standards are usually adopted into the law of member states, it is more powerful than most other NGOs.

Incentive stock option (ISO).

Corporate executives may be granted incentive stock options (ISOs), also called qualifying stock options. These options aren't taxed when they're granted or exercised, but only when the underlying shares are sold.

If, after exercising the options, participating executives keep the shares for the required period, any earnings from selling the shares are taxed at the owner's long-term capital gains rate.

However, stock option transactions may make sellers vulnerable to the alternative minimum tax (AMT).


References in periodicals archive ?
If a replicable and parsimonious factor structure could be identified, it might then be useful to conduct an evaluation of the OSI model and begin to consider how to deal with some of the problems raised above.
Vendors design network products based on the pacifications of the OSI model.
2) Low availability--only a few of the layers for the OSI model have been fully defined, leaving systems integrators limited options for SNA/OSI blending [3, 13];
A new approach is needed that is voice application aware and designed for QoS to work at the upper layers of the OSI model.
Because most network troubles occur at the upper layers of the OSI model, consider attacking network troubles from the top down, rather than the bottom up.
With this rapid expansion in scope and hyper-evolution of technologies, testing the LAN today is no longer a case of just looking at the lower layers of the OSI model (Layers 1-3), but also focusing on what users actually experience at the upper layers (Layers 4-7), while also addressing overall system security.
With advanced compression and protocol optimization technology to speed wireless data transmissions, the product works by applying two techniques at the transport layer of the OSI model, taking data (e.
Most of the original switches operated at the data link layer, or Level 2 of the OSI model.