At the end of study all the patients had reduced weight and had BMI less than 25, mean BMI was 23.04967 [+ or -] 0.787254 and p=<0.0001.Out of 30 patients, fourteen (46.66%) patients were scored for pain8, eleven (36.66%) patients for 7, four (13.33%) patients for 9 and one(3.33%) patients for 6 at pain Numerical rating scale
. All these patients were treated by NSAID for pain.
Notes: NRS: self-reported numerical rating scale
(range from 0 to 10),
Assessment Practice Pre-Trip Assessment Attendance Arrive to class on time Quiz on required reading or field packet Compose a summary of reading materials During the Trip Assessment Field exercises or packets General affective outcomes (checklist or numerical rating scale
) Post-trip Assessment In-class exam In-class test Portfolio Research report (group and individual) Research project (group and individual) Oral presentation (group and individual) Poster presentation (group and individual) Learning or reflective journal Peer evaluation Student Self-evaluation Field practical (quiz or exam) Notebook inspection Table 2.
Final scores range from 0 to 100; lower score indicatin gless severe pain and disability.13 Mean ODI scores at each time-point as well as the change in ODI scores was calculated.11 The Turkish version of the questionnaire was validated in 2004.14 VAS and numerical rating scales
are simple and quick pain assessment instruments for measurement of pain intensity.
Numerical rating scale
was used to measure severity of persistent and breakthrough pain.
By 2 weeks, the 7.5-mg group had a mean 29% improvement on the pruritus numerical rating scale
. The improvement was 46% in the 15-mg group and 57.6% in the 30-mg group.
The mean improvement in self-reported itch from baseline, as measured by the Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale
, was 54% in the first group, 56% in the second group, compared with 27% in controls (P less than .0001).
A numerical rating scale
(NRS) , with points ranging from 0 (no pain) to 100 (worst pain experienced in the last 1 week), was used.
At the same time, pain intensity can be easily quantified using a 0–10 numerical rating scale
or a visual analog scale.
In our study we used numerical rating scale
by a blinded investigator.
In the Phase IIb confirmatory trial, about 300 patients will be randomised and treated with a single injection of either 20mg or 40mg of FX006 or placebo and will be evaluated for 20 weeks.The trial's primary outcome measure is the weekly mean of the average daily pain intensity scores as assessed using an 11-point numerical rating scale
Then pain ratings were recorded before the administration of the drugs and at 6 and 12 hour after the first dose, according to a numerical rating scale
. Data were analyzed using the unpaired ttest, and the Pearson (kh2) test.