Royal Canadian Mounted Police

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Related to North West Mounted Police: Louis Riel

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

The national police force of Canada. It is responsible for enforcing federal laws, including but not limited to laws against counterfeiting, organized crime and drug trafficking. It also enforces provincial and territorial laws everywhere except Ontario and Quebec, and to a lesser extent in Newfoundland & Labrador. It was formed in 1920.
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An initial issue of 700 North West Mounted Police New Services and a supply of .455 ammunition were received in late 1904 from Lewis Brothers & Company in Montreal.
Consequently, it was only a matter of time before the Colt New Service came to the attention of the ever-growing ranks of the North West Mounted Police. In fact, they were among the first law enforcement agencies to place a sizable order for the hefty handgun.
An initial order was placed by the North West Mounted Police for 700 blued New Service revolvers sporting 5 1/2-inch barrels and chambered for their .455 service round.
French's 1874 annual report to the Minister of Justice after the march west of the North West Mounted Police (N.W.M.P.): "But that little force had a double duty to perform: to fight, if necessary, but in any case to establish posts in the far west."
Each of these groups was exposed to the surveillance of the North West Mounted Police and, according to Carter, the Criminal Code was frequently brought to bear on those who were unwilling to conform.
The establishment of posts in the southern parts of the Territories by the North West Mounted Police had created a need for regular communication with eastern Canada.
His recommendation letter from the owner of the ranch of 3 May 1894, which accompanied his application for the North West Mounted Police (NWMP), described him to be of `excellent character,' and suggested that he was a `sober, industrious and painstaking individual.' The letter also noted that Richardson was personally known to former Commissioner of the Force, A.G.
He explains how the North West Mounted Police served as an agent of this imperialism, and facilitated the government policies which had as their purpose to control the indigenous inhabitants of the region.
Hoping to rectify this injustice, the author provides an overview of Macleod's involvement in the North West Mounted Police courts system.
Macleod, The North West Mounted Police and Law Enforcement (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1976); Keith Walden, Visions of Order: The Canadian Mounties in Symbol and Myth (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982); Carl Betke, "Pioneers and Police on the Canadian Prairies, 1885-1914," CHA Historical Papers (1980), 9-32.

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