Ethics

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Related to Normative ethics: Applied ethics, Descriptive ethics

Ethics

Standards of conduct or moral judgment.

Ethics

The study and practice of appropriate behavior, regardless of the behavior's legality. Certain industries have professional organizations setting and promoting certain ethical standards. For example, an accountant may be required to refrain from engaging in aggressive accounting, even when a particular type of aggressive accounting is not illegal. Professional organizations may censure or revoke the licenses of those professionals who are found to have violated the ethical standards of their fields.

In investing, ethics helps inform the investment decisions of some individuals and companies. For example, an individual may have a moral objection to smoking and therefore refrain from investing in tobacco companies. Ethics may be both positive and negative in investing; that is, it may inform where an individual makes investments (e.g. in environmentally friendly companies) and where he/she does not (e.g. in arms manufacturers). Some mutual funds and even whole subdivisions are dedicated to promoting ethical investing. See also: Green fund, Islamic finance.
References in periodicals archive ?
When making policy decisions, the dangers of not separating popular opinion or hard-line political positions from normative ethics are heightened.
McCloskey, Meta-Ethics and Normative Ethics (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1969) 7; and John D.
Finally, the section concludes with a chapter wherein Hill interprets the Doctrine of Virtue as Kant's statement of his normative ethics.
Yet, as is textually made explicit in texts such as the Bodhicaryavatara, Siksasamuccaya, Upalipariprccha-sutra, and others, these actions are not reflective of the normative ethics of [upaya.sub.1], which requires application of the normative pattern of Mahayana ethics in which all the precepts must be observed, but rather [upaya.sub.2], available only to bodhisattvas of the seventh stage and beyond, in which case these highly accomplished beings may transgress any of the precepts in their pursuit of helping to liberate all beings.
Nevertheless, the very point of speaking of metanorms is to provide the context for the application of the insights from normative ethics. Therefore, there is plenty of room for the discussion of ethics in business even if there is ethical support for the institutions that define business activity.
Why do we accept for medicine what we deny to normative ethics? Ethics is prescriptive and therefore not amenable to becoming a science; medicine is similarly prescriptive and therefore is amenable to becoming a science.
Christians reported that although the "long derogated" perspective of normative ethics was being "increasingly seen as a sign of maturity," the creation of a systematic ethical structure still faced frustrations akin to those of "building a house in a storm " (1991: 1).
He does this by showing how the Dominant View generates its normative ethics -- its basic tenet of how a lawyer ought, morally, to behave -- from its jurisprudence (libertarianism plus legal positivism).
His views cover three areas of the subject, including metaethics, with an emphasis on the controversy between ethical objectivism and subjectivism; normative ethics, with the defense of a form of utilitarianism; and applied ethics, with the application of his normative theory to a variety of practical moral problems.
Another significant virtue of the collection is the explicit addressing of the issue: what can virtue ethics or virtue theory offer a normative ethics which adequately takes into account the importance of family and community?
In particular, I believe that business communication ethics research should: (a) identify and address issues that integrate central concerns of business, communication, and ethics; (b) use a full range of research methods in addressing questions of descriptive ethics; (c) move beyond descriptive ethics to address normative ethics and, perhaps, even meta-ethics; (d) relate current research both to past research in business communication ethics and to the large, diverse body of research in other fields such as ethics and business ethics; and (e) encourage and support those scholars who choose business communication ethics research as a major research focus.
Keywords philosophy of the social sciences; system science; system design; inquiring system; Kant's aesthetics; evaluation; meta-ethics; normative ethics