Nondeliverable Forward Contracts

Nondeliverable Forward Contracts (NDF)

Agreement regarding a position in a specified currency, a specified exchange rate, and a specified future settlement date, that does not result in delivery of currencies. Rather one party in the agreement makes a payment to the other party on the basis of the exchange rate at the future date.

Non-Deliverable Forward

A forward contract on a low-volume or inconvertible currency that cannot be settled by delivery of the underlying. In a non-deliverable forward, the parties net the difference between the exchange rate listed in the contract and the spot rate, and one party pays the other that difference. They are usually settled in U.S. dollars. Multinational corporations sometimes use non-deliverable forwards to hedge against risk associated with comparatively illiquid currencies.