In 1987, Congress closed the loophole by tightening the definition, but allowed states with existing laws authorizing the chartering of industrial loan corporations (a type of nonbank bank
that funds itself with insured deposits but does not offer demand deposits) to continue to charter these ILCs.
It would also liberalize the divestiture requirements that apply when companies violate the nonbank bank operating limitations and allow nonbank banks to acquire assets from credit card banks.
At that time, the Congress chose not to require that the fifty-seven companies operating nonbank banks divest these institutions.
Section 222 would liberalize the divestiture requirements that apply when companies violate the nonbank bank operating limitations.
At that time, the Congress chose not to require the fifty-seven companies operating nonbank banks to divest these institutions.
Section 116 would allow nonbank banks
to permit their affiliates to incur overdrafts at the nonbank bank
and would allow nonbank banks
to incur overdrafts at the Federal Reserve on behalf of affiliates.
The general overdraft prohibitions of section 4(f)(3) of the BHC Act are discussed for controlled subsidiary banks of grandfathered holding companies of nonbank banks
(those existing on March 5, 1987), including when certain overdrafts are permissible.
Differences in average ROA and ROE for states in the 1980s were influenced by at least two special factors: extraordinarily large provisions taken by large regional and money center banks to cover anticipated losses from loans to LDCs, and the proliferation of generally high-profit credit card banks, other limited purpose banks, and the so-called nonbank banks
in states permitting these institutions.
The issue will be widely debated, but commercial companies already own thrifts and nonbank banks
The Board has determined that nonbank banks
such as corporate central credit unions and bankers banks may have access to the discount window if they voluntarily maintain reserves.
I assume that is one of the reasons why so many securities firms own nonbank banks
in the United States and own banks in foreign countries.