Transparency

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Related to Network transparency: Location transparency

Transparency

The state in which all relevant information is fully and freely available to the public. Nearly every analyst agrees that transparent markets are desirable because they lead to greater efficiency. Laws and regulations exist in most jurisdictions encouraging or mandating transparency. For example, the SEC requires disclosure forms declaring a great many different actions when or immediately after they occur. Likewise, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act is designed to increase transparency in accounting. A minority view holds that these laws and regulations intended to create transparent markets in fact reduce efficiency. Others contend that markets are efficient with or without transparency. See also: Efficient market hypothesis.

transparency

The full, accurate, and timely disclosure of information.
Case Study Ford Motor Company executives indicated in spring 2001 that the company planned to provide shareholders and analysts with greater transparency of the firm's financial results. As part of the improved transparency, Ford was expected to report separate results from its Premier Automotive Group (PAG), comprising Aston Martin, Jaguar, Lincoln, Land Rover, and Volvo Cars. In the prior year Ford reported an operating loss of $35 million in Europe only because income from PAG and customer services mostly offset operating losses of nearly $1 billion in its other European operations. At the time Ford did not report profits for individual brands or product groups. Transparency permits shareholders and analysts a greater understanding of a firm's operations, including which parts of the firm are most and least profitable. This, in turn, places greater pressure on the firm's management to produce acceptable results in all facets of a company's operations.

Transparency.

Transparency is a measure of how much information you have about the markets where you invest, the corporations whose stocks or bonds you buy, or the mutual funds or other investments you select.

For example, in order to achieve maximum transparency in US markets, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires corporations to disclose all information that might have an impact on their financial status so that investors can make fully informed decisions.

Real-time trading information, increasingly available to individuals as well as institutional investors, and linked pricing systems are other steps toward complete transparency.

References in periodicals archive ?
System Requirements and Some of their Mechanisms Requirements Mechanisms Network transparency Shared computation space, concurrency Flexible network awareness State awareness, mobility control Latency tolerance Concurrency, caching, dataflow synchronization, asynchronous ordered communication Language security Capability-based computation space lexical scoping, first-class procedures It is not obvious that the four requirements can be satisfied simultaneously.
Network transparency means that computations behave in the same way independent of the distribution structure.(7) That is, the language semantics is obeyed independent of how the computation is partitioned onto multiple sites.
It will be shown in the case of the cell exchange operation that the distributed semantics correctly implements the language semantics, hence achieving network transparency. The mobile state protocol is part of a graph model of the execution of OPM.
Linda does not address the language issues of network transparency.
The main research question to be addressed is how to integrate these abilities without compromising network transparency.

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