Barclay's iPath offers the Dow Jones-UBS Platinum Subindex Total Return ETN (PGM), which owns a single, nearby futures contract
. It has assets of about $82 million and a 0.75% annual fee.
New York: The New York Mercantile Exchange's benchmark, the West Texas Intermediate light sweet crude nearby futures contract
, continued to decline even as Brent sweet and Gulf heavy sours gained last week.
They have "put on a spread" by buying the nearby futures contract and selling the faraway contract.
When the temporal spread becomes smaller than normal, the arbitrager will "put on reverse spread" whereby he or she simultaneously sells the nearby futures contract and buys the faraway futures contract.
The purchasing manager (Figure 2- A) has arranged for particular items to be priced on a cost-plus formula from the nearby futures price for each raw commodity, where the nearby futures contract
is the futures contract month closest to expiration.
And therefore, the March delivery month nearby futures contract
for West Texas Intermediate light sweet on the New York Mercantile Exchange, after reaching $43.44/barrel, closed the week at $41.75/barrel, a gain of $4.04/barrel for the week.
reverse spread--a simultaneous position that involves having a sell position on the nearby futures contract
and a buy position in a more distant futures contract.
The nearby futures contract
for Nymex crude reached $142.99 a barrel before closing out the week at $140.21, a gain of $0.57 on the day, and up from $134.62 for the week.
It can be seen that backwardation is higher for the far month's futures contracts than that of the nearby futures contracts
. This is applicable for both weak and strong backwardation.
(1) We use four different nearby futures contracts
, i.e., with deliveries one, two, three and four months ahead of the placing of the hedge.