Bias

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Bias

1. In statistics, a circumstance leading to inaccurate results because of conscious or unconscious manipulation of data. Bias is anything that reduces the randomness of the sample being tested.

2. Anything that affects a decision other than facts. For example, a company may be disinclined to expand into an area of town because it is perceived as dangerous, whether or not it actually is. Bias is thought to reduce efficiency. See also: Behavioral economics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Her publications include Magical Thinking: Moving Beyond Natural Bias to Examine Core Services in Letting Go of Legacy Services: Library Case Studies (2014); co-authorship of Management of Library Course Reserves and the Textbook Affordability Crisis, Journal of Access Services (2009); and co-authorship of Student Strategies for Coping with the High Cost of Textbooks and the Role of Academic Library Course Reserves, portal: Libraries and the Academy (2009).
The apology also revealed the workings of having a manager with his boy in the side and the natural bias it can bring.
This isn't just my natural bias towards that particular market talking, either.
The natural bias of the stitch pattern will make the fabric slant to the left, making the right front overlap the left front at a diagonal.
According to Diaconis, named two years ago as one of the "20 most influential scientists alive today", a natural bias occurs when coins are flipped, which results in the side that was originally facing up returning to that same position 51 per cent of the time.
The universal feature in this mix is the fact that banks everywhere can create private credit, money, and purchasing power that did not previously exist, and they have a natural bias, if not constrained by public policy, to allocate it to fund real-estate developments, which drive rising land prices.
With the accent being more and more on women being seen as victims and not the person behind the vile act, a natural bias has thus developed for the fair sex.
"It's a natural bias towards reporting things that might not have been out of the ordinary.
How do we move those who have a natural bias to what gets done, towards having a bias on how it gets done?
"It seems that the natural bias, when there is uncertainty about an infection's cause, is to err on the side of prescribing antibiotics," he said.
The natural bias is for more power - 55 percent - to be delivered through the rear wheels to ensure a sporty response but the system can vary the split up to 70:30 either way when conditions dictate.