According to Breitung unit root test, all panel series are nonstationary but only natural log
of stock traded and natural log
of migration are witnessed to be stationary at level but all the selected variables are stationary at first difference.
0% of variation accounted for) between the natural log
Determinants of hospital earnings management Control Sign Hypothesis Proxy Variables Large hospitals are more likely be targeted for tax-status Hospital Size Negative scrutiny due to high patient revenues and government subsidies; Natural log
therefore, managers of Total Assets are likely to use discretionary accruals to lower income (Morrisey, Wedig and Hassan 1996).
LFGPBR t-1 = Natural log
of lagged farm gate price of basmati rice (Rs/40kg)
Now, taking the natural log
of both sides of equation (10), (10) and differentiating with respect to t, we obtain
Means of maximum canopy height, natural log
transformed shoot density, and percent areal cover in the Tuckerton Peninsula exhibited significant differences among segments (F(2,502)=17.
For every natural log
increase in urinary o-desmethylangolensin (ODMA), there was a 7% decrease in the odds of wheeze.
We additionally employ as explanatory variables the first difference of the natural logs
of trade openness and of external volatility.
LENT is a natural log
of ENT, LPOV is a natural log
of POV, LUEM is a natural log
of UEM, LGDP is a natural log
However, a natural log
transformation provided a remedy for this condition.
In this study, we compare and contrast a variety of ways for analyzing nonlinear data with endogeneity: 2SLS on costs and the natural log
of costs, CF methods employing a variety of residual types and functions of residuals (including the 2SRI approach), and a fully structural model estimated using full information maximum simulated likelihood (FIMSL).
The latter included (a) prior conditions, including diabetes and angina, and medication use, including statins and current and past hormone therapy; (b) the previous variables plus traditional cardiovascular risk factors, including current smoking and the natural logs
of systolic blood pressure (SBP), total and HDL cholesterol; and (c) the previous variables plus factors in the Reynolds Risk Score (RRS) (16), including the natural log
of hsCRP, family history of premature MI, and Hb [A.