If strategic considerations are of only moderate weight, the question comes back to how important the lower tariffs and investment and intellectual property protections are relative to the concerns about health, environment and national autonomy
. In a world in which trade growth has slowed to less than the growth of national income - reversing a half century trend - and increasingly concentrated income distribution has raised fears about the stability of the middle class, TPP will be a difficult proposal to sell.
While Cook's view has guided Canadian policy, Adria suggests that Grant's work represents important unexamined questions about national autonomy
. Though the missile episode and its fall-out fueled a growing nationalism, it presented no real challenge to the legitimacy of the state's participation in technology importation and use, which increased dramatically in the decades to come.
To be fair, Walzer does acknowledge that ethnic pluralism (or even national autonomy
) for immigrants may be required in France if assimilation fails, (23) and that autonomy for national minorities may be required in the United States if post-ethnic pluralism fails.
After 1618, when the Czech Kingdom became a hereditary part of the Austrian Monarchy, and especially after Ferdinand II the Catholic secured in the bloody Thirty-Years-War the Czech throne for the Hapsburgs, Czechs hoped for political and national autonomy
. In the beginning of the 19th century, the Czech intellectuals started to ask first for cultural and political rights.
As early as 1977, the organization suggested that multilateral "free trade" agreements could help break down national independence, stressing that a "realistic strategy of action must take into account the major obstacles to cooperative management of interdependence." High on the list of "obstacles of particular importance" to economic dependency was "the desire for national autonomy
However, many observers believe that this interpretation is not valid, and that both precedents and the complex interaction of the World Trade Organization (WTO) regulations with other laws can reduce national autonomy
over public policy.
Harker's essay ends with the compelling argument that "Knox draws upon the topos of the man feminized by his very heterosexuality, the uxorious male, in order to invert and thus contain the pressing fears of foreign regnal consorts who would in fact fail to be ruled by their royal wives and thus threaten the future of English and Scottish national autonomy
and Protestant reform" (47).
The Go West development plan, in conjunction with recent revisions of the Law on Regional National Autonomy
(LRNA), (8) and accompanying economic incentives, represents China's current strategy for dealing with its restive ethnic minorities.
Recuperating national autonomy
requires reconstituing the new system of global economic governance.
Rosas details how the advance of globalization by means of its primary method, deregulation, weakens national autonomy
. Reduced autonomy not only implies that governments have less power to control events within their borders, but it also robs them of the ability to negotiate at the international level.
Indeed, she fears that the opposition to GM food is actually a manifestation of a deeper lack of confidence in the authority of government and science, which is related to the threat of diminishing national autonomy
that could accompany the growth in size and influence of the European Union.
Roger Morgan focuses on the politics of EMU to show how difficult it has proved to bring together' the viewpoints and interests of two nation states and two national societies, even when their leaders are deeply committed to common action, in circumstances when really fundamental questions of national interest, national autonomy
and national identity are at stake' (p.