National Environmental Policy Act

(redirected from National Environmental Policy Act of 1969)
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National Environmental Policy Act

Legislation in the United States, passed in 1969, requiring all entities other than the president, the Congress and the court system to prepare and present reports on the impact a proposed federal action would have on the environment. The Act established different levels of impact and created a Council of Environmental Quality to advise the president.
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He has served on numerous national and international advisory and policy boards and commissions, and on the staff of the Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, helping to draft the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, where he introduced the concept of an environmental impact assessment.
For instance, neither the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 nor the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 mandated cost-benefit analysis.
In some ways, ecosystem management repackages rules from the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, which required the agency to study the environmental and human impacts of its actions across a landscape, not just in individual timber stands, and the National Forest Management Act of 1976, which asked it to protect biodiversity, including key species like the spotted owl, and promote the efficient economic use of its land.

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