(2015) solved the problem of MHD flow and thermal heat transfer in porous media of nanofluids
, Sheikholeslami, Hayat, and Alsaedi (2016) numerically solve the problem of MHD free convection of [Al.sub.2][O.sub.3]/water nanofluid
, non-linear thermal radiation was resolved by Hayat, Qayyum et al.
The soil was placed in batch reactors and nanofluid
iron oxide was added to the soil for [Cd.sup.2+] removal.
Consider a steady, two-dimensional flow of an incompressible viscous nanofluid
past a linearly semiinfinite stretching sheet.
The pressure drop obtained using the nanofluid
for each channel show lower values with the addition of nano particles in place of solid or porous pin fins.
Garcia et al., "Antiwear and extreme pressure properties of nanofluids
for industrial applications," Tribology Transactions, vol.
Consider an axisymmetrical flow of nanofluid
through two parallel disks as shown in Figure 1.
Zakaria, "Measuring Nanofluid
Thermal Diffusivity and Thermal Effusivity: The Reliability of the Photopyroelectric Technique," in Nanofluid
Heat and Mass Transfer in Engineering Problems, Chapt.
where [U.sub.i], P, and [bar.T] are the mean nanofluid
velocity, pressure, and temperature, respectively, [u'.sub.i] is the fluctuation flow velocity, and [[bar.[epsilon]].sub.kl] is the mean rate-of-strain tensor.
This was because the thermal diffusivity of nanofluid
depended on some parameters, such as nanoparticles material, concentration of particles, size, base fluid, and surfactant.
Temperature-dependent thermophysical properties for all utilized heat transfer fluids were determined so that, compared to water as a thermal fluid, the improvements in the heat transfer rate with nanofluid
could be evaluated.
Soltanipour, "Natural convection of [Al.sub.2][O.sub.3]-water nanofluid
in an inclined cavity using Buongiorno's two-phase model," International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol.
Through record and calculation, the ratio of removed energy of cooling water by condenser section to the heating power by evaporator section with different weight fraction of nanoparticle, and tilt angle of heat pipe, the effects of thermal efficiency under different tilt angle and nanofluid
can be evaluated.