The payload is triggered when the output of the

NOR gate goes high.

As well as the last row((K+1)th row) is constructed by [[SIGMA].sup.k-1.sub.i=0][2.sup.i] number of Peres gates as AND gates, m-4 PGs is required to make OR gate for producing sticky bit and E-[K.sup.-1] PGs is also needed to implement

NOR gate. Thus K+1 stages will have 2 x [[SIGMA].sup.k-1.sub.i=0][2.sup.i] + [[SIGMA].sup.k.sub.i=0][2.sup.i] + (m - 4) + (E - K - 1) which is [N.sub.PG] = [2.sup.k+2] + m + E - K - 8 number of Peres gates.

For a fault-free

NOR gate, (gate error probability, P = 0), the probability of its output Z being "1" is (1-[Y.sub.1])(1- [Y.sub.2]).

Toshiba's new super-miniature fSV LMOS logic packaging is initially available for seven basic logic gates in Toshiba's VHS (TC7SHXX) logic series including a 2-input NAND gate, 2-input

NOR gate, Inverter, 2-Input AND gate, Schmitt Inverter, 2-input OR gate and 2-input EX-OR gate.

NOR Flash contains transistors that are connected in a structure similar to a

NOR gate (see Figure la and 1b).

A NAND and a

NOR gate are used to produce four complementary output pairs to control each leg of the RF switch.

This needs a large fan-in n-input

NOR gate. Therefore an different more practical pseudo-nMOS ratioed design is used.

S.NO CMOS gates Design 1Power Design2Power in in micro watts micro watts 1 NOT gate 1332 130.82 2 EX-OR gate 107.13 156.92 3 AND gate 118.92 145.7 4 OR gate 87 134.4 5

NOR gate 76.72 96.99 6 NAND gate 111.32 141.7 [FIGURE 6 OMITTED]