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International Organization for Standardization

A non-governmental organization that sets standard codes for countries and currencies. ISO sets the ISO 3166 codes for countries and provinces, which are used in international banking transactions and shipping. Likewise, it sets the ISO 4217 codes for individual currencies. ISO has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, and, because its standards are usually adopted into the law of member states, it is more powerful than most other NGOs.

Incentive stock option (ISO).

Corporate executives may be granted incentive stock options (ISOs), also called qualifying stock options. These options aren't taxed when they're granted or exercised, but only when the underlying shares are sold.

If, after exercising the options, participating executives keep the shares for the required period, any earnings from selling the shares are taxed at the owner's long-term capital gains rate.

However, stock option transactions may make sellers vulnerable to the alternative minimum tax (AMT).


References in periodicals archive ?
En la solucion de la problematica, se uso el metodo hipotetico deductivo retomando las contribuciones de Marx (1845/1982) (1859, 1867/1965) y North (1993, 1994, 1996, 2003, 2007) sobre el cambio social; es decir, se estudio la NISO 26 000 como un proceso dialectico y emergente.
Carpenter is executive director of NISO [National Information Standards Organization).
A quick summary of all NISO standards that are in development, approved, published or withdrawn.
Once funding was secured, a NISO steering committee for the project (see http://www.
COUNTER largely adheres to the definitions as put forth in the ISO and NISO standards and concentrates its efforts on standardizing vendor/publisher data.
ODI In January 2012, NISO convened a new Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) workgroup to define standards and best practices for pre-indexed library discovery services "based upon indexes derived from journals, ebooks and other electronic information of a scholarly nature.
IMLS and NISO both recognize the need for libraries to have such outcome-measurement tools.
3M Library Systems and NISO have joined together in an effort to drive future innovation of the Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) as an American National Standard.
As a prologue, this article frames the open discussion NISO (National Information Standards Organization) is planning to start this month in conjunction with the American Library Association (ALA) Annual Conference.
NISO responded to the demand from practitioners by forming a working group of 11 academic, public, and consortia delivery experts from the USA and Europe, along with vendors.
SGML is an international standard (ISO, 1986) around which several are related standards on its application, such as NISO 12083 (NISO, 1994) on formatting mathematics, is gradually growing.
This past spring, NISO (National Information Standards Organization) launched a collaborative initiative to address the privacy of patron data.