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Related to Multiple pregnancies: Multiple Births, Multiple gestation

Price-Earnings Ratio

The price of a security per share at a given time divided by its annual earnings per share. Often, the earnings used are trailing 12 month earnings, but some analysts use other forms. The P/E ratio is a way to help determine a security's stock valuation, that is, the fair value of a stock in a perfect market. It is also a measure of expected, but not realized, growth. Companies expected to announce higher earnings usually have a higher P/E ratio, while companies expected to announce lower earnings usually have a lower P/E ratio. See also: PEG


1. In stock-index futures, the number multiplied by the futures price to determine the value of the contract. For example, the $500 multiple of the Standard & Poor's Midcap Index is multiplied by the futures price to determine the value of one contract. Thus, a futures price of $230 would yield a contract value of $115,000 ($500 × $230).


A stock's multiple is its price-to-earnings ratio (P/E). It's figured by dividing the market price of the stock by the company's earnings.

The earnings could be the actual earnings for the past four quarters, called a trailing P/E. Or they might be the actual figures for the past two quarters plus an analyst's projection for the next two, called a forward P/E.

Investors use the multiple as a way to assess whether the price they are paying for the stock is justified by its earnings potential. The higher the multiple they are willing to accept, the higher their expectations for the stock.

However, some investors reject stocks with higher multiples, since it may be impossible for the stock to meet the market's expectations.

References in periodicals archive ?
The rate of preterm delivery increases in years and the most important reason of this increase is multiple pregnancies related with ART (7).
This analysis of NT public hospital births showed that multiple pregnancies made up less than 2% of cases for non-Aboriginal mothers and an even smaller proportion for Aboriginal mothers within the three-year period of study.
Maternal and Foetal complications in multiple pregnancies.
It comes just days after it was revealed that a growing number of women were choosing to have "selective reduction" abortions of multiple pregnancies.
High embryo implantation rates have led to increase in the number of multiple pregnancies (4); for example, the use of ART increased the rate of multiple pregnancies by 41% in England between 1995 and 2003 (5).
For example, not all women with multiple pregnancies are cared for in dedicated settings such as 'twin clinics' or by multidisciplinary teams of healthcare professionals.
First of all, [make] appropriate patient selection; for example, [be] cautious when treating younger women because of their increased risk of multiple pregnancies," she said.
The authors speculate that in Africa, preterm birth is most often caused by intrauterine infection and lack of availability of medication, whereas in North America, it most frequently results from the older age of mothers and the elevated incidence of multiple pregnancies.
UK experts are trying to drive down the number of twins and triplets born following fertility treatment due to risks to mothers and babies from multiple pregnancies.
Marut says women still choose to have many embryos implanted despite the risks of multiple pregnancies.
The condition may affect anyone but is more common in newborns and women with multiple pregnancies.
This includes those who smoke during pregnancy, were older or had conceived via assisted conception, which in turn can lead to multiple pregnancies.

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