Manufacturing jobs have moved overseas during the past two decades and this trend continues, especially now in the apparel sector with the elimination of the Multifiber Arrangement
in January 2005.
Tracing developments within the apparel and textile industries since the end of World War II, Rosen assesses the effects of trade liberalization and details the political machinations behind the steady progression away from the relative protection of these sectors to the opening of markets with the ending of the Multifiber Arrangement
under the Clinton administration in 1995.
Such a multifiber arrangement
should also make it easier to pinpoint an impact's location, he adds.
In addition to the radical changes seen with the passage of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the likely extension of NAFTA to the Caribbean and the phase out of the Multifiber Arrangement
, Truslow said that other areas of industry interest have experienced radical change as well.
William Cline of the Institute for International Economics estimates the combined costs to American consumers of textile tariffs and Multifiber Arrangement
quotas (for all countries) at $20,300,000,000 on the wholesale level and as much as $40,000,000,000 at the retail level.
The Multifiber Arrangement
, which has governed textile and apparel trade since the early '70s will be phased out over 10 years beginning in July 1995 or later.
Appeasement of foreign policy concerns and the ineffective use of existing mechanisms, including the Multifiber Arrangement
, to curb damage from imports has caused this industry a great loss of jobs," he added.
government to tighten the Multifiber Arrangement
, which governs textile and apparel trade, to curb the growth of imports.
Cates called on the United States to employ provisions of the Multifiber Arrangement
which allow the introduction of import restraints where there has been market disruption: "The government trade statistics show that at least half of this year's increase is not under MFA quotas and should be put under controls without further delay.
This surge calls for changes in the textile proposal in the Uruguay Round of trade talks -- extending the phaseout of the Multifiber Arrangement
(MFA) from 10 to at least 15 years and requiring other nations to open up their markets to our goods," Cates said.
We are asking our negotiators to extend to 15 years from 10 the proposed phaseout period of the Multifiber Arrangement
, which regulates textile and apparel trade," Truslow said.
or else remain under Multifiber Arrangement