More ambitious still is the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, a network of more than 160 muckrakers
from 61 countries around the world.
) TASMANIAN DEVIL Devil of a Problem, $5-4 TECHNOLOGY Identity Theft, Mr6-8 iPod Nation, S19-6 Satellite Snooping (with graph), F6-5 TEENAGERS (see YOUTH) TERRORISM Afghanistan: Rebuilding After the Taliban, My8-10 London Terror, S19-4 Terror Strikes Again and Again, D12-7 TIME LINES Babylon: A Time Line, S19-T7 Civil Rights Time Line, N28-8 Cold War, My8-T6 Gaza 1946-2005, N14-10 Growing Up in Ancient Egypt, S5-12 Iraq: A Brief Time Line, F6-9 World War II, Ap24-14 TIME ZONES GeoSkills: What Time Is It?, Ja23-21 TORTURE Turning to Torture?, Ja9-8 TUTANKHAMEN Growing Up in Ancient Egypt, $5-12 Tut Unmasked, S5-14
These were the "muckrakers
"--President Roosevelt's term for a group of journalists and novelists, many of whom wrote for new mass-circulation magazines like Collier's and The Saturday Evening Post.
Rose declares Ida Tarbell, one of the first female muckrakers
, who uncovered the Standard Oil monopoly, as having penned the most influential writing in his life.
THE BIBLE HAS ITS OWN SHARE OF muckrakers
. Long before documentaries or investigative journalism, the Hebrew prophets exposed and condemned the scandalous abuses of wealth and power with oracles, curses, and dramatic gestures.
Kilmer); "Everyone's Child: The Kathy Fiscus Story as a Defining Event in Local Television News" (Terry Anzur); "Rising and Shining: Benjamin Day and His New York 'Sun' Prior to 1836" (Susan Thompson); "Reconnecting with the Body Politic: Toward Disconnecting Muckrakers
and Public Journalists" (Frank E.
Several scholars have chronicled the rhetoric and impact of the muckrakers
;  this paper focuses on the other side of muckraking, specifically Standard Oil's response to Ida Tarbell's "History of the Standard Oil Company." This case illustrates one of the earliest American public relations debacles, provides an example of the exigencies created by investigative journalism, and explains why Standard's aloofness and bolstering tactics to maintain legitimacy, which are still invoked today, failed in this instance.
The sources of Cop Knowledge include popular journalism, from the early twenteth-century muckrakers
to the tabloids of the 1980s, political and academic writing including the works of Reiss, Fogelson, Skolnick, and Monkkonen, and fictional works such as the book and film The Naked City and the bestselling 1970s novels of Joseph Wambaugh.
The idea to place dates right on the eggs came after the crack muckrakers
at "Dateline NBC" entered the hen house looking for scandal back in 1998.
Dan Fagin and Marianne Lavelle originally compiled this extensive, highly-readable work in 1997.
Far from being a new detailed biography of Bacon, Mathews's work is, as the title implies, a history of Bacon's moral and professional castigation as well as an eloquent and powerful defence of his professional competence and moral character against his muckrakers
. We are offered in painstaking detail what other people have thought about Bacon from his lifetime to our own times.
These days the White House band should worry more about muckrakers
on the Hill or at Justice than about Starr.