These strategies --combination ART during pregnancy, labor, post-partum to the mother or the infant; elective cesarean section; and/or the use of infant formula--have been proven effective in reducing the MTCT
at different points in the perinatal period.
Cases of MTCT
, where an infant has been infected, should be treated as a serious untoward incident and investigated to see what lessons can be learned .
The percentage of HIV cases attributed to mother-to-child transmission (MTCT
) has increased almost 10-fold from 0.33 per cent of cases in 1999 to 2.8 per cent in 20042.
(40) The TAC sued to combat the government's refusal to generally distribute Nevirapine, despite its proven effectiveness in reducing MTCT
, at public hospitals where testing and counseling was available.
Relative risks (RRs) were computed with their 95% confidence interval (CI) to measure the strength of the associations between potential risk factors and perinatal MTCT
A technical consultation on the prevention of MTCT
convened by WHO/UNICEF/ UNAIDS (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) in October 2000 (20) made the following recommendations: only when replacement feeding is acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable, and safe is avoidance of all breast-feeding by HIV-infected mothers recommended; otherwise, exclusive breastfeeding is recommended during the first months of life.
It is no wonder, therefore, that news of recent breakthroughs in drugs that prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT
) has been greeted with jubilation.
) is the main route of HIV-1 infection in children.
Given mounting evidence of HIV-climate interactions, connecting heat exposure and risks of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT
) of HIV may not be as implausible as it might first appear (Fig.
She said if more couples tested together for HIV in Lobatse, it could help in the reduction of Mother to Child Transmission (MTCT
) rate in the district.