The availability of these tools, techniques and software packages have further promoted the application of Monte Carlo techniques
within Australian design flood estimation practice.
The Monte Carlo technique
has since been developed by scientists for use in radiotherapy treatments for cancer patients.
The [PD.sub.new] values were stored in specific files, as well as the values calculated by the Monte Carlo techniques
, which were previously normalized with respect to the dose percent maximum located at the 3.25 cm depth below the water surface inside the phantom and over the radiation beam symmetry.
The ideas proposed for integration have inspired similar ideas for efficiency improvement when Monte Carlo techniques
are used for simulation, and these prove to be especially valuable for VLSI circuit simulation where the dimensionality and complexity are very high.
They cover dosimetry and the radiation biology of the brain, adjunct Monte Carlo techniques
, and a homogeneous thermal neutron fluence in a prescribed volume.
An effort to fully model the photon detection region with Monte Carlo techniques
is in progress.
This work utilizes Monte Carlo techniques
to couple physical range-energy data to measurements of chords (straight-line paths) of bone and marrow cavities.
Stochastic pricing, on the other hand, uses Monte Carlo techniques
to repeatedly simulate insured lifetimes from which a distribution of policy outcomes is created.
Quasi Monte Carlo techniques
, such as those in Li (2000) and Siegl and Tichy (2000), overcome the problems of the random number generator by using well-spaced grids of points, which are particularly effective at mapping the boundary of the problem even with a relatively small batch size.
Monte Carlo techniques
were used to test the appropriateness of statistical procedures when the underlying assumptions of these procedures are violated.
Methods for improved calculation of these effects are under development by Monte Carlo techniques
or direct solution of the drift kinetic equation.
Among specific topics are the decomposition of the optical polarization components of the Crab pulsar and its nebula, the analysis of single pulses from radio pulsars at high observing frequencies, the population synthesis of normal radio and gamma-ray pulsars using Markov chain Monte Carlo techniques
, symmetry energy effects in the neutron star properties, and radio timing observations of four gamma-ray pulsars at Nanshan.