For Tocqueville, religion in a democratic age desires monism
, even to the point of courting pantheism, because "the concept of unity becomes an obsession" (p.
The naturalist, Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919), subscribing to Naturalism reached the conclusion of monism
. This world is the only world there is and all life has its origin and end in it.
I'd like to re-identifty, in my own words, the very problem that any genuine reality theory has to deal with in terms of scientific epistemology as follows (as I have stated elsewhere on past occasions, especially in my work on a new kind of Reality theory, namely "The Surjective Monad Theory of Reality" or "Surjective Monism
", and on my seminal address "On Meta-Epistemic Determination of Quality and Reality in Scientific Creation").
(Neff, 2003, p.47) Nevertheless, it was from Hegel's State idea that positivism developed the rationalization of the debate between internal and international Law, whose result was monism
It might seem at this point that radical monism
has nothing to contribute (or at least no way of contributing to an understanding of our "place" in this world and our well-being in it), but this is not so.
legal order (monism
) or a separate domestic legal order (dualism).
If extreme monism
was true, the word water should be identical with this-liquid-here-called-water--and thus a monist should be able to quench his or her thirst just by thinking, talking or reading about water.
One option is ontological dualism, but Engelhard worries that it collapses into categorical monism
and pursues instead an identity theory that develops the identity theories of C.
Aristotle pointed out that material monism
makes little sense philosophically, since changes of state require an efficient cause--for instance, the poet's mind, which can act as trash compactor or muck spreader or incinerator.
In Alain Badiou's summation, "[T]hese fictitious beings, these opinions, customs, differences, are that to which universality is addressed; that toward which love is directed; finally, that which must be traversed in order for universality itself to be constructed, or for the genericity (genericite) of the true to be imminently deployed." (11) Similarly, in Advaita Vedantic universalism worldly alterities are imagined as fictitious; they are illusions (Gaya) that must be recognized as such, dissolved into monism
in order to recognize the ultimate sameness and equality of all phenomena.
As this sentence indicates, Donnelly invokes and even introduces a rich array of terms to explain Miltonic phenomena: "what I call Milton's 'scriptural reasoning"' (1); "what might be called 'Christo-poetic'" (2); "what might be called 'ethico-cognitive'" (49); "I call this 'anthropological monism
'" (50); "what I call an 'ontic charity'" (142); "I use the term 'biblical metanarrative'" (171); "I use the term 'Biblicist Poetics'" (171); "Milton offers what I call a 'personal drama'" (203).
Here, we need to know that the NRP model endorses three key claims: (a) ontological monism
, (b) the irreducibility of the mental to the physical, and (c) the supervenience of the mental on the physical.