The evaluated CDA concepts of this research are the passive voice and modal verbs
. The findings show that mostly nominalization and passive voicing are working simultaneously in most clauses.
Co-occurrence with another modal verb
preceding dare is also corroborated by my data in E3, where the main verb selects a to-infinitive complement, as in (29).
. They've dominated my life, even ruined it at times!
The apodosis predicts the negative consequences for the body by employing a modal verb
construction with will (he will be seke).
Thus, the evolution of language in the chiropractic literature mirrors certain established trends in modern English, such as shifts in the use of modal verbs
(9,10), noun phrase structure (11) and gendered terms (8).
The Tuyuca sentence (14) is translated as a simple sentence without a modal verb
, while the accompanying explanation provides additional contextual clues.
Purely adverbial clauses like the temporal clause in (38a) merely describe an event without allowing any modal judgment with respect to this event, as reflected in the unacceptability of modal verbs
like may in (38b), while the construction types investigated here, like the purpose clause in (38c), do allow modal judgments, as marked by the modal of desirability may.
Indirectal verb forms in literary Estonian Indirectal quotative present and preterite means of [olevat; olevat + nud-/tud-participle olnuvat] expression Indicative personal or impersonal present perfect [on + nud-/tud-participle] Indicative personal or impersonal past perfect [oli + nud-/tud-participle] Indirectal Predicate participle infinite [nud-/tud-participle] forms da-infinitive [1) -da; 2) -da + nud-/tud-participle] Indirectal Past simple of the modal verb
pidama with ma-infinitive modal [pidi + ma-infinitive] verbs Da-infinitive and ma-infinitive of the modal verb
pidama [pidada + ma-infinitive] Perception verb kuulukse with vat-infinitive [kuulukse + vat-infinitive] Table 4.
Temporal texture is thus achieved by various means: Copular propositions with an overt form of past-tense haya ~ hayinu or infinitival liheyot are interspersed with verbless copular clauses in present tense contrasting with use of lexical verbs, while one-time episodic events are differentiated from habitual states of affairs by haya + benoni constructions, all of which are elaborated by complex VPs in the form of 'extended predicates' with the modal verb
raca 'want' and an Infinitive in clauses #8 and #13 or as complement of the verb sixnea 'convince' in #11.
In other words, there is an ambiguous confusion between preterite-present and modal verbs
, since not all preterite-presents are ancestors of contemporary modals, and not all modals originated as preterite-presents.
Declarative constructions only partially activate the cognitive model and their interpretation as orders is largely dependent on their use of specific linguistic mechanisms such as oblique modal verbs
, expressions of immediateness or intonation patterns.