TABLE 4 Message Integrity
Theme Properties Number/Percentage of Additional Sample Quotes Participants Discussing the Property Honesty Participants: 19 "As a result you can be more honest.
Through this process, authentication and message integrity
are ensured to the extent that the CA maintains the P1(1 user's confidence.
Following this boundary marker is a collection of PEM header data, used by each recipient to validate message integrity
and authenticity, and to decipher an enciphered message.
On the other hand, the MAC is a message authentication code to provide message integrity
. In other words, the size of the cipher-text produced by encrypting a plaintext in the SPCBC mode is equal to the number of plaintext blocks plus two extra blocks referred to as [C.sub.0] and MAC blocks.
Digital Signatures--The DON CIO issued naval message 061525Z of October 2004, Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) Implementation Guidance, which required DON network users to digitally sign any e-mail requiring message integrity
TKIP includes a rekeying feature, a message integrity
check, and packet key mixing.
WPA addresses many of the security shortcomings in WEP, adding longer keys, a mechanism known as key rotation to defeat the hacker tools used to compromise WEP, key distribution, improved message integrity
, and support for the popular IEEE 802.1x authentication mechanism.
IEEE 802.15.4 security consists of four kinds of security services which are access control, message integrity
, message confidentiality, and replay protection.
'Only if the service provider has no ability to decrypt the message can message integrity
SSL is application protocol-independent and provides encryption, which creates a secured channel to prevent others from tapping into the network; authentication, which uses certificates and digital signatures to verify the identity of parties in information exchanges and transactions; and message integrity
, which ensures that messages cannot be altered en route.