The trial verified that with 10 thousand pieces of data this technology was capable of estimating OSNR with a measurement error
of 1%, and the modulation format and symbol rate with a measurement error
The variance unexplained by main effects is measurement error
and it was calculated as ratio between the sum of squares of an effect and the total sum of squares multiplied by 100 (Viscosi and Cardini, 2011).
Some tolerance for error in wine alcohol labels is appropriate for several reasons: One reason is to allow for measurement error
, since the instruments (and perhaps their users) are not always perfectly precise.
Systematic measurement error
is much easier to find and identify than random error.
Mb assume that measurement error
accounts for half of the variability in measured productivity growth.
We identified this gap and consequently developed LW Finder to determine optimal strain gauge placement and predict measurement errors
to dramatically improve the quality of the measured data.
Our present objective is to extend these analyses with an additional 7 years of follow-up, to determine the association of air pollution with specific histological subtypes, and to perform analyses incorporating adjustment for measurement error
, using information from an exposure validation study (Van Roosbroeck et al.
To address all crack-detection tool performance design considerations, NYSEARCH/ NGA worked with Kiefner to establish performance criteria curves and tables for crack detection and sizing that cover all ranges of pipeline steel material variability, tool measurement error
and pipeline stress.
Biological variability takes into account variations due to measurement error
and intra-individual effects (10).
Is the measurement error
less than the smallest worthwhile change?
The temperature measurement error
using five A type sensors in the temperature range from 25[degrees]C to 80[degrees]C, when the Steinhart-Hart interpolation equation (1) with the coefficients [A.
2) Bias in estimates can result from measurement error
, processing/editing error, coverage error, and nonresponse error (Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology [FCSM] 2001).