Matched sale transaction

Matched sale transaction

Applies mainly to convertible securities. Procedure whereby the Federal Reserve Bank of New York sells government securities to a nonbank dealer against payment in federal funds. The agreement requires the dealer to sell the securities back by a specified date, which ranges from 1 to 15 days. The Fed pays the dealer a rate of interest equal to the discount rate. These transactions, also called reverse repurchase agreements, decrease the money supply for temporary periods by reducing dealers' bank balances and thus excess reserves.

Reverse Repurchase Agreement

A practice in which a bank or other financial institution buys securities or another asset with the proviso that it will resell these same securities or asset to the same seller for an agreed-upon price on a certain day (often the next day). Investors and financial institutions do this in order to raise short-term capital. Indeed, it is the equivalent of a short-term loan with the securities or asset serving as collateral. A reverse repurchase agreement is the same as a repurchase agreement, but from the perspective of the buyer rather than the seller. It is also called a matched sale transaction or simply a reverse.
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