hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
performance of Maslow's hierarchy in empirical settings is not
It would seem that throughout Mary's life, although she transcends from one level of Maslow's hierarchy to another, she never truly satisfies every human need at each level.
11] Even if a student achieves a certain level on Maslow's hierarchy, life experiences such as divorce or job loss may cause an individual to revert to a lower level.
And now that people have been through 50 or 60 years of good times (people think the US has always been prosperous, but things were different prior to the 1950s), they've basically shot up Maslow's hierarchy of needs, past self-actualization all the way into a hitherto uncharted area: the need for fame and exposure -- but more on that in a bit.
Superciliously sitting atop Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs.
To exercise students' critical thinking skills, Angela uses the Socratic method with an emphasis on the nursing process and Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
In Maslow's hierarchy of needs, does survival rate as a "deeper" need?
We find ourselves reverting to those lower levels on Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs that concentrate on just the basics.
Shermer presents a "bio-cultural evolutionary pyramid"--a mix of Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Peter Singer's expanding circle of ethical sentiments--which is his explanation for the origins and evolution of morality.
2) Using Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs framework, the external environment can only satisfy some of the physical and security needs of resident and families.
When our attention to the needs of our researchers helps them to progress through Maslow's hierarchy and achieve their potential, we can also help them to bring esteem to our institution.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is useful for reflecting the progression that schools followed in their quest to develop students' fullest potential (meeting students' physical needs, ensuring student safety, and emphasizing the higher order needs of community and belonging, self-esteem, and achieving potential).