Market cycle

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Market cycle

The period between the two latest highs or lows of the S&P 500, showing net performance of a fund through both an up and a down market. A market cycle is complete when the S&P is 15% below the highest point or 15% above the lowest point (ending a down market).
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Market Cycle

The period of time during which the stock market evolves from a bull market to a bear market, then back to a bull market. That is, a market cycle is the time during which stock prices rise, then fall, then rise again. Every stock market has market cycles, to a greater or lesser extent. However, regulations may be designed to curtail them (or, more accurately, to attempt to maximize the good times while preventing the bad times), though this is rarely successful. Some industries are considered countercyclical, meaning that demand for their products remains relatively constant regardless of broader market circumstances; some industries even do better when the market, as a whole, is performing poorly. Other industries, mainly those considered luxuries, are greatly dependent on market cycles.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Market cycle.

A market cycle is the movement from a period of increasing prices and strong performance, or bull market, through a period of weak performance and falling prices, or bear market, and back again to new strength.

Cycles recur periodically, though not on a predictable schedule. The length of each full cycle, and each phase within it, varies from several months to several years. The top of a cycle is called a peak and the bottom a trough.

A market cycle generally runs ahead of the concurrent economic cycle. For example, investors begin to sell stocks because they anticipate a recession, or turn bullish in the early stages of a recovery.

However, not all sectors of a market operate on the same schedule. For example, some stocks, such as utilities, have historically prospered in the downward phase of the stock market cycle when most other stocks have underperformed.

Similarly, the stock market tends to operate on a different cycle than the bond or commodities markets. These overlapping but distinct cycles are the basis of the investment strategy known as asset allocation.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

market cycle

A period of time during which real estate prices increase steadily and then level off or decrease.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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