Maquiladora

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Related to Maquiladores: Maquilladora, Maquiladora System

Maquiladora

A factory in Mexico established by a U.S. company to make finished products and ship them to the United States. Maquiladoras are close to the U.S. border with Mexico. They are controversial in the United States because they are thought to take away jobs from Americans who otherwise would have manufactured the products. They are also controversial in Mexico because they are thought to exploit Mexican workers. NAFTA made maquiladoras more cost effective. In the mid-2000s, maquiladoras accounted for more than half of U.S.-Mexican trade. A maquiladora is also called a maquila.
References in periodicals archive ?
Claro, nunca se llegara a una homogenizacion absoluta al grado de aplanar las caracteristicas socioeconomicas, politicas y culturales de los paises maquiladores. Pero la tendencia muestra mayor posibilidad de compartir tanto problematicas como culturas laborales similares.
Mientras en el parque industrial del municipio de Ixtlahuaca se ubican empresas manufactureras medianas y grandes con productos de exportacion, a su alrededor siguen persistiendo y creciendo los talleres familiares maquiladores de prendas de vestir, con escasa tecnificacion y capacidad de innovacion.
If the maquiladores are the vanguard of what NAFTA will bring, they do not portend well for the workers of Mexico, Canada, or the United States.
Under President Salinas, there has been an active wooing of direct foreign investment as opposed to the better known indirect investment through the maquiladores (border industries that existed since the 1965 border industrialization program).
Said Jesus Canahuati of the Asociacion Hondurena de Maquiladores (AHM), "Everything depends on CAFTA approval (see NotiCen, 2005-01-06)." In this case, "everything" is 140,000 jobs in Honduras.