Maquiladora

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Related to Maquiladoras: Maquilladora, Maquiladora System

Maquiladora

A factory in Mexico established by a U.S. company to make finished products and ship them to the United States. Maquiladoras are close to the U.S. border with Mexico. They are controversial in the United States because they are thought to take away jobs from Americans who otherwise would have manufactured the products. They are also controversial in Mexico because they are thought to exploit Mexican workers. NAFTA made maquiladoras more cost effective. In the mid-2000s, maquiladoras accounted for more than half of U.S.-Mexican trade. A maquiladora is also called a maquila.
References in periodicals archive ?
The author also found that workers at the maquiladoras feel that "they may be endangering their health" and "are less likely to be able to form a union.
Advocacy of maquiladoras alluded to the increase in foreign exchange generated by their exports (Poder Ejecutivo Federal (1988).
Several workers, backed by Cittac, insist that the lists have always existed (which the employers' organization denies); the Mexican Social Security Institute is suspected of informing maquiladoras about actions taken by some workers.
Despite their resurgence, one of the major problems associated with operating maquiladoras is that production employees commonly leave their jobs after a short time, often after a few months only.
Segun la prensa local, la delegacion de la Junta de Conciliacion y Arbitraje y la Asociacion de Maquiladoras (AMAC) tampoco han sido notificadas de todos los acuerdos a los que han llegado los gerentes con los empleados para detener la produccion, ni las nuevas condiciones laborales pactadas.
En el dos y tres se examina el mercado laboral y el comportamiento del empleo y los salarios en Sonora, y distingue dos sectores: la produccion de los bienes de exportacion, representada por las maquiladoras y los no comercializables con el exterior.
Segun datos oficiales, la participacion de las empresas maquiladoras dentro de las exportaciones manufactureras totales del pais es de mas de 40 por ciento.
Similar data collected during the major industrial growth of the 1990s prove the obvious positive socioeconomic impact of the maquiladoras but fail to reveal the negative environmental and health effects of this industrial phenomenon on the border landscape in general and its inhabitants in particular.
El libro no solamente esta dirigido a academicos sino a un publico mas amplio interesado en observar las vidas de las personas que trabajan en las maquiladoras en el pais.
La maquiladora tiene un impacto mucho mas visible a nivel regional, destacando las entidades de la frontera norte, pero tambien en Jalisco, Guanajuato, Mexico, Puebla, Distrito Federal y Yucatan.
Another important characteristic that explains the maquiladoras demand for factors of production is the horizontal differentiation related to its demand of imported and domestic factors, defined as the transportation cost given by T* and T for the imported and domestic inputs, respectively.
La presencia de las mujeres en las maquiladoras se puede dividir en, por lo menos, tres ciclos (Vease esquema 1).