Maquiladora

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Related to Maquiladora Industry: Maquiladores

Maquiladora

A factory in Mexico established by a U.S. company to make finished products and ship them to the United States. Maquiladoras are close to the U.S. border with Mexico. They are controversial in the United States because they are thought to take away jobs from Americans who otherwise would have manufactured the products. They are also controversial in Mexico because they are thought to exploit Mexican workers. NAFTA made maquiladoras more cost effective. In the mid-2000s, maquiladoras accounted for more than half of U.S.-Mexican trade. A maquiladora is also called a maquila.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mexico border chemical plant offers us a more in-depth view on environmental injustice related to the maquiladora industry.
The foregoing was the basis for the construction of instruments that were validated through a multidisciplinary review, as is the case of the specialists in the fields of economics, management and engineering, and specialized interviews that provided information on factors and actions that are related to the competitiveness of the maquiladora industry of the electronics sector, thus creating a methodology with the triple helix approach of Etzkowitz and Leydesforff (2000), but with an evolution toward a methodology adapted to contemporary reality called Fifth Systemic Helix (FSH).
A study of the lack of backward linkages between the maquiladora industry and local suppliers in Northern Mexico (Brannon James and Lucker, 1993:933-1945) offers three main reasons for the low demand of Mexican inputs: First, the price is too high; second, the quality of the product is inadequate; and third, delivery from Mexican suppliers is unpredictable.
NAFTA rules for the maquiladora industry were implemented in two
It is important to note that there are other factors that may have influenced the slowdown in the maquiladora industry.
It is assumed that for each additional job in the maquiladora industry there is a 5% probability of a worker migrating; that is, for every 20 new jobs in the maquila, one new migrant arrives to the city.
Regarding organisational practices, these represent a potential threat to efficiency and organisational effectiveness in the maquiladora industry for Kacmar, Bowman, Carlson & Anthony (1999) due to the centralisation of power characterising this kind of company.
Observers of the maquiladora industry from the social sciences differ on the human costs and benefits of this development program, which are reflected in this study (Scheinman 1990; Sklair 1989).
The emergence of the maquiladora industry also makes up the largest component of U.
Much has been said recently of the necessity for Mexico's maquiladora industry to advance to the next stage, with the development of local providers.
Women constitute approximately two-thirds of all employees in the maquiladora industry (California Center for Border and Regional Economic Studies Bulletin Selected Indicators, 2001, May).
Part II provides general background information about the NAO submission process, followed by a summary of the HRW Report which alleged that various forms of pregnancy discrimination occur within the maquiladora industry.