Maquiladora


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Related to Maquiladora: NAFTA

Maquiladora

A factory in Mexico established by a U.S. company to make finished products and ship them to the United States. Maquiladoras are close to the U.S. border with Mexico. They are controversial in the United States because they are thought to take away jobs from Americans who otherwise would have manufactured the products. They are also controversial in Mexico because they are thought to exploit Mexican workers. NAFTA made maquiladoras more cost effective. In the mid-2000s, maquiladoras accounted for more than half of U.S.-Mexican trade. A maquiladora is also called a maquila.
References in periodicals archive ?
La industria maquiladora es una clara expresion de la internacionalizacion del capital y de una nueva fase de la division internacional del trabajo surgida a partir de la crisis del fordismo.
Asi, la industria maquiladora de exportacion se establecio en la frontera norte de Mexico como consecuencia de una nueva fase de la internacionalizacion del capital caracterizada por la fragmentacion espacial de la produccion, basada en el uso intensivo de la fuerza de trabajo y en la automatizacion del proceso productivo.
In 1979, long before the beginning of the maquiladora boom of the 1990s, Dr Herbert Abrams, Emeritus Professor of Radiology at the Stanford School of Medicine, expressed his concern at a us-Mexico Border Health Association meeting in Reynosa, stating that "It is not difficult to see problems developing.
Genero y trabajo en las maquiladoras de Mexico: Nuevos actores en nuevos contextos.
La maquiladora tiene un impacto mucho mas visible a nivel regional, destacando las entidades de la frontera norte, pero tambien en Jalisco, Guanajuato, Mexico, Puebla, Distrito Federal y Yucatan.
Moreover, the authors find empirical evidence suggesting that the maquiladora remains vertically integrated with foreign suppliers in spite of the massive depreciations of the Mexican exchange rate over the last twenty years.
The growth accounting decomposition in Table 3 shows the remarkable and growing contribution of maquiladora activity to Mexico's total manufacturing growth in the period.
All along the frontier, the maquiladora became a sort of immigration barrier.
Although the majority of maquiladora workers are traditionally women, research indicates that gender balance is becoming more common (MacLachlan & Aguilar, 1998).
La industria maquiladora en la region de la frontera norte y el mercado de trabajo en Sonora
Especificamente Matamoros representaba el ambito historico de la industria maquiladora en la frontera norte de Mexico, al ser una de las primeras ciudades con este tipo de industrializacion.