Manipulation


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Manipulation

Dealing in a security to create a false appearance of active trading, in order to bring in more traders. Illegal.

Manipulation

The attempt or act to artificially change the price of a security or a market movement with the intent to make a profit. One example is wash selling, in which an investor both sells then quickly re-buys the same security, hoping to create the impression of increased trading volume, and therefore raise the price. Another is churning, in which an investor makes both buy and sell orders through different brokers to create the impression of increased interest in the security and raise the price. Manipulation can be used to both increase and decrease prices, depending on the investor's perceived needs. Manipulation is illegal under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. See also: Antitrust, Fix.
References in periodicals archive ?
7) The most recent example is the Energy Policy Act of 2005, which gave FERC new tools to prevent and penalize the manipulation of electricity markets, (8) as well as bestowed on the Commission considerably more authority and responsibility.
In the study, the researchers at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis developed a mathematical model for the evolution of manipulated behavior and applied it to maternal manipulation in eusocial organisms, such as ants, wasps, and bees, which form colonies with reproductive queens and sterile workers.
Appropriate forms of image manipulation consist of minimal change of an image\'s contrast, brightness or size in order to beautify the appearance of an originally captured image.
This is not necessarily a negative criticism of the study as it highlights the need, when selecting cervical spinal manipulation as a treatment technique, to carefully consider the characteristics of the patient receiving the treatment and demonstrates the success with treatment when this selection is carried out.
It has been suggested that spinal manipulation may overcome neural deficits by a number of mechanisms including reduced nerve impingement, altered discharge from muscle spindles, Golgi tendon organs, mechanoreceptors and nociceptors, altered sensory processing in the spinal cord (allowing increased pain tolerance), and altered skeletal muscle reflexes.
Qualitative improvement in laryngoscopic view by optimal external laryngeal manipulation.
This publication compiles the proceedings of the Eighth IEEE International Working Conference on Source Code Analysis and Manipulation, held in Beijing, China, in September of 2008.
Chairman Norio Yoshida and two other people on charges of stock manipulation in violation of the Securities and Exchange Law.
It requires a critical analysis pertaining to the risks and benefits associated with cervical spine manipulation techniques.
The manufacturing proces is complex dynamical proces include technological, manipulation and control processes.
Commodity Futures Trading Commission is expected to announce that it has fined UBS (UBS) and HSBC (HSBC) upward of $10M and Deutsche Bank (DB) slightly less for "spoofing" and manipulation in the U.