Third World

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Third World

A term for developing countries. Originally used for countries that did not side explicitly with either the United States (the First World) or the Soviet Union (the Second World) during the Cold War, it has become a byword for countries with less wealth relative to others. The term is sometimes considered politically incorrect.

developing country

or

less developed country

or

underdeveloped country

or

emerging country

or

Third World

country a country characterized by low levels of GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT and INCOME PER HEAD. See Fig. 51 . Such countries are typically dominated by a large PRIMARY SECTOR thatproduces a limited range of agricultural and mineral products and in which the majority of the POPULATION exists at or near subsistence levels, producing barely enough for their immediate needs, thus being unable to release the resources required to support a large urbanized industrial population. The term ‘developing’ indicates that, as seen by most such countries, the way to improve their economic fortunes is to diversify the industrial base of the economy by, in particular, establishing new manufacturing industries and by adopting the PRICE SYSTEM. To facilitate an increase in urban population necessary for INDUSTRIALIZATION, a nation may either IMPORT the necessary commodities from abroad with the FOREIGN EXCHANGE earned from the EXPORT of the (predominantly) primary goods, or it can attempt to improve its own agriculture. With appropriate ECONOMIC AID from industrialized countries and the ability and willingness on the part of a developing country, the transition into a NEWLY INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRY could be made.

Certain problems do exist, however. For instance, increases in real income that are achieved need to be maintained, which means keeping population numbers in check. Illiteracy and social customs for large families tend to work against governmental efforts to increase the STANDARD OF LIVING of its citizens. Also, most of the foreign exchange earned by such countries is by exporting, mainly commodities (see INTERNATIONAL TRADE). See ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRY, DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION, POPULATION TRAP, INTERNATIONAL COMMODITY AGREEMENTS, UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT, INTERNATIONAL DEBT.

References in periodicals archive ?
The majority world and the poor are on the agenda although, unlike TTL, EG does not reproduce their voices but rather presents a discourse about them.
Indeed, class as much as gender keeps women out of directorial roles in film; this is crystallised by the experience of women in countries from the Majority World.
Most self-evidently, the readings introduce older and (especially) newer theological accounts produced in the crucible of particular sociocultural conditions and pastoral and missional needs and opportunities in other communities, in both the Majority World and the United States.
European theological faculties should continue to play a major role in international discourse and learning partnerships with churches of the majority world.
One of the most powerful normative tools driving notions of global childhood to inform early childhood programs in the majority world was the ratification of the UNCRC.
It is such children's organizing within the majority world that has most captured the attention of the authors of this book.
Less still is known about the content of Westerners' stereotypes of the majority world poor but several avenues of research suggest that they contain significant negative elements despite the fact that many in the 'developed West' are aware that media representations of people in the developing world are inaccurate or incomplete.
In the late 1970s/early 1980s mainstream labour studies in the majority world were dominated by the technicist International Labour Organization (ILO) approach and the 'labour and development' field dominated by economics.
The Social Model of Disability: Europe and the Majority World.
Educational theories and practices from the majority world.
Considering the section's unifying theme, however, it would have been valuable to include the perspective of more majority world authors and thinkers.
is linked to all my other activism for mitigation of the human rights catastrophe we are currently effecting in the Majority World through our carbon emissions.