Third World

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Third World

A term for developing countries. Originally used for countries that did not side explicitly with either the United States (the First World) or the Soviet Union (the Second World) during the Cold War, it has become a byword for countries with less wealth relative to others. The term is sometimes considered politically incorrect.

developing country

or

less developed country

or

underdeveloped country

or

emerging country

or

Third World

country a country characterized by low levels of GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT and INCOME PER HEAD. See Fig. 51 . Such countries are typically dominated by a large PRIMARY SECTOR thatproduces a limited range of agricultural and mineral products and in which the majority of the POPULATION exists at or near subsistence levels, producing barely enough for their immediate needs, thus being unable to release the resources required to support a large urbanized industrial population. The term ‘developing’ indicates that, as seen by most such countries, the way to improve their economic fortunes is to diversify the industrial base of the economy by, in particular, establishing new manufacturing industries and by adopting the PRICE SYSTEM. To facilitate an increase in urban population necessary for INDUSTRIALIZATION, a nation may either IMPORT the necessary commodities from abroad with the FOREIGN EXCHANGE earned from the EXPORT of the (predominantly) primary goods, or it can attempt to improve its own agriculture. With appropriate ECONOMIC AID from industrialized countries and the ability and willingness on the part of a developing country, the transition into a NEWLY INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRY could be made.

Certain problems do exist, however. For instance, increases in real income that are achieved need to be maintained, which means keeping population numbers in check. Illiteracy and social customs for large families tend to work against governmental efforts to increase the STANDARD OF LIVING of its citizens. Also, most of the foreign exchange earned by such countries is by exporting, mainly commodities (see INTERNATIONAL TRADE). See ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRY, DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION, POPULATION TRAP, INTERNATIONAL COMMODITY AGREEMENTS, UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT, INTERNATIONAL DEBT.

References in periodicals archive ?
That the critique is strongly anchored in views from the majority world is not a novelty either.
This is the strength of a survey collection like this: in taking readers outside the familiar and comparing the experiences of women in dozens of national contexts, Celluloid Ceiling shows us the rich diversity of female filmmaking and examines the different circumstances faced by women in the Majority World. Bollywood--where only upper-class women and the occasional former actor direct films--is a good example of gender, race, class and religion cutting across women's chances of directing films.
Linked to doctrinal loci, the following chapter titles provide a glimpse of how the textbook promotes theological engagement with treatments in the Christian tradition and those generated by contemporary intercultural, ecumenical, and interreligious issues in the "Majority World":
However, despite these advances and increasing dialogue on PET in the global arena (Marsella, 2007), there remains a dearth of culturally-relevant resources and training opportunities for psychologists from the region and the Majority World. In fact, there is no coherent framework to guide appropriate curricular developments as a means to foster the research, application and theoretical developments to fulfill psychology's promise in a range of national and regional contexts.
European theological faculties should continue to play a major role in international discourse and learning partnerships with churches of the majority world. Perhaps there should be a deliberate process to bring together and to share innovative models of North-South partnership as there have been strong indications (during the Hamburg ETE consultation of international partners in theological scholarships programmes in April, 2012) of how many new forms of theological faculty development programmes and scholarships for theological research projects are still needed for the future of theological education in the majority world.
One of the most powerful normative tools driving notions of global childhood to inform early childhood programs in the majority world was the ratification of the UNCRC.
It is such children's organizing within the majority world that has most captured the attention of the authors of this book.
Thus, many have argued that the ongoing legacy of earlier 'starving children' imagery combined with the focus on need in current advertising encourages the construction of partly negative stereotypes of the majority world poor in the minds of many people in the minority (or Western) world.
So to some extent this was a move to 'provincialise Europe' and bring the majority world into the picture.
(eds.) (2005): The Social Model of Disability--Europe and the Majority World. Leeds, The Disability Press.
The focus is on the quality of women's lives and how it can be improved, with emphasis on the majority world of the Global South.
Educational theories and practices from the majority world.