However, Altman (1992) suggests that the 3 to 5 percent coupon risk premium originally placed on new-issue, low-grade bonds is justified by subsequent default losses.
We support the hypothesis that the entire ex ante default risk premium on original-issue, low-grade bonds is justified by actual ex post default losses and that the initial risk premium fairly and efficiently compensates investors for ex post default losses.
Patel, 1991, "Returns and Volatility of Low-Grade Bonds 1977-1989," The Journal of Finance (March), 49-74
Green, 1991, "The Investment Performance of Low-grade Bonds Funds," Journal of Finance (March), 29-48
Using different definitions of high- and low-grade bonds, Weinstein (1986/87) compares their respective returns over the period from June 1962 to July 1974.
Liquidity and the Pricing of Low-Grade Bonds. Financial Analysts Journal, 48(January/February): 63-67, 74.
Green, 1991, "The Investment Performance of Low-grade Bond Funds," Journal of Finance (March), 29-48.
Keim, 1991, "The Risk and Return of Low-Grade Bonds: An Update," Financial Analysts Journal (September/October), 85-89.
Returns on small-firm stocks and low-grade bonds are more highly correlated in January than in the rest of the year.
Return and volatility of low-grade bonds, 1977-1989.
Keim, "Realized Returns and Defaults on Low-Grade Bonds
1977-1989," Journal of Finance (March 1991), pp.