Lome Convention

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Lome Convention

A former agreement between the European Community and 71 developing countries allowing for the duty-free export of most goods to Europe, provided they did not compete with European goods. It also increased foreign aid to the developing countries. Most developing participants were former British, Belgian, Dutch or French colonies. The Lome Convention came into effect in 1976 and was renegotiated a number of times before the World Trade Organization ruled it anti-competitive in 1995. In 2000, it was replaced by the Cotonou Agreement.
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Throughout the period 1973-5, when the ACP-EEC officials were negotiating the Lome agreement, the Anglophone Caribbean rum producers, represented by the West Indies Spirits Producers Association (WIRSPA) had been of the understanding that they would be able to sell their rums widely within the European markets, free from any quantitative trade restrictions.
It is noteworthy that the Lome Agreements between the EU and ACP states lasted until the end of the 20th century.
The Abidjan Accord did not allow for a power-sharing arrangement (as with the Lome Agreement) but it provided for the RUF being given senior positions in government and did importantly provide a blanket amnesty for Sankoh and the RUF.
In your groups, study the Lome Agreement as a sample of the kind of peace agreement that has been made in a civil war situation.
The Lome agreement did, however, call for the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) "to address impunity, break the cycle of violence, provide a forum for both the victims and perpetrators of human rights violations to tell their story, get a clear picture of the past in order to facilitate genuine healing and reconciliation." (5) The UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and others focused attention and resources on this aspect of the agreement and, after many setbacks, the process of selecting Commissioners is underway.
(101) In an unprecedented step, UN Special Envoy Okelo, following instructions from above, announced the United Nations' objection to the Lome Agreement's amnesty provisions.
Now, I wonder why your Excellency seems to have abandoned me and become disturbingly quiet in respect of the RUFP and myself, over the issue of the Special Court, especially as the Sierra Leonean problem was concluded in favour of reconciliation (Lome Agreement) and not prosecution.
He then turns his attention to various international trade agreements including the WTO and preferential trade agreements such as those afforded by the European Union through the Lome agreement and its successor, the Contonou agreement - as well as the US through the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).
"The Lome agreement will terminate early in he year 2000, but all indications are that provision will be made for a transitional period of five years, and that existing trade provisions will be maintained during this period."
The paper wonders whether the Lome agreement, signed 22 years ago with a diverse number of former European colonies, should not now be split into specific pacts, for example with the Southern African Development Community or the West African Economic and Monetary Union.
These facts, in contrast to the general opinion about the effectiveness of the Lome Agreements, show that for the favoured nations preferential trade has played an important role in ensuring that the SADC countries are not marginalised from international trade flows (Coodison, 2000; Matambalya, 1998).