Lome Convention

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Lome Convention

A former agreement between the European Community and 71 developing countries allowing for the duty-free export of most goods to Europe, provided they did not compete with European goods. It also increased foreign aid to the developing countries. Most developing participants were former British, Belgian, Dutch or French colonies. The Lome Convention came into effect in 1976 and was renegotiated a number of times before the World Trade Organization ruled it anti-competitive in 1995. In 2000, it was replaced by the Cotonou Agreement.
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Since October 1999, under the SCR 1270 and 1289, it was originally established to cooperate with the government of Sierra Leone and the other parties to the Lome Agreement in its implementation, including assistance in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration.
Throughout the period 1973-5, when the ACP-EEC officials were negotiating the Lome agreement, the Anglophone Caribbean rum producers, represented by the West Indies Spirits Producers Association (WIRSPA) had been of the understanding that they would be able to sell their rums widely within the European markets, free from any quantitative trade restrictions.
It is noteworthy that the Lome Agreements between the EU and ACP states lasted until the end of the 20th century.
Even though the Sierra Leone Parliament had endorsed the Lome Agreement (and the Abidjan Peace Accord before that), the Statute repudiated the amnesties contained in the accord.
In your groups, study the Lome Agreement as a sample of the kind of peace agreement that has been made in a civil war situation.
The Lome agreement did, however, call for the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) "to address impunity, break the cycle of violence, provide a forum for both the victims and perpetrators of human rights violations to tell their story, get a clear picture of the past in order to facilitate genuine healing and reconciliation.
Okelo signed the Lome Agreement on behalf of the United Nations but added a handwritten reservation to the agreement declaring that the United Nations could not endorse any amnesty for genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and other serious violations of international humanitarian law.
Your colleague and brother president of Sierra Leone decided to abrogate the Lome Agreement dated 7 July 1999, containing Article IX, Sections (2) & (3) which granted absolute and free pardon and reprieve to all combatants and collaborators.
He then turns his attention to various international trade agreements including the WTO and preferential trade agreements such as those afforded by the European Union through the Lome agreement and its successor, the Contonou agreement - as well as the US through the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).
The Lome agreement will terminate early in he year 2000, but all indications are that provision will be made for a transitional period of five years, and that existing trade provisions will be maintained during this period.
The paper wonders whether the Lome agreement, signed 22 years ago with a diverse number of former European colonies, should not now be split into specific pacts, for example with the Southern African Development Community or the West African Economic and Monetary Union.