The results of the most challenging CoC for the log-normal distributions
are shown in Figure 7.
Based on the goodness-of-fit test results, Weibull and log-normal distributions
were selected to model [mathematical expression not reproducible], respectively.
To this aim, log-normal distributions
are chosen as they provided a valuable description of knock intensity distribution during several experimental acquisitions.
As can be seen, the log-normal distribution
suitably models the power fluctuations in this case.
Coutant  carried out the comparison between the entropy maximizing method, the mixture of log-normal distribution
, and the Gram-Charlier expansion based on three criteria: these are robustness of estimation, convergence speed, and ease of application.
For the log-normal distribution
all moments exist, regardless of the value of the parameters, such that for a coherent risk measure like TVaR, the quantity [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] will always be well defined.
This section mainly compares the performance of the four algorithms when clutter obeys Log-normal distribution
, Weibull distribution and K-distribution, respectively.
Total corrosion Specimen number Alternate times time (h) 1-1 2 320 1-2 2 640 1-3 2 960 1-4 2 1280 1-5 2 1600 1-6 2 1920 Table 6: The evaluating value of [mu], [sigma], [alpha], [beta], b, and r for log-normal distribution
and 3P-Weibull distribution.
Suppose Y has a standard log-normal distribution
with its probability distribution function [PHI], and U is independent of Y and uniformly distributed on (0,1).
Therefore, we constructed the distributions by finding parameters for which a log-normal distribution
would present the relevant value found in the literature, and the 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles would correspond to the ranges found in the literature.
In ,  and , by using a log-normal distribution
to substitute the gamma-log-normal distribution, approximate expressions of the ergodic capacity are derived for downlink DAS over shadowed fading channel, where Rayleigh fading and Nakagami fading are respectively considered, but the derived theoretical capacity are not accurate enough to reflect the actual values, and the analysis is limited in single receive antenna case.
Among them, the log-normal distribution
was found here with the best Anderson-Darling statistic.