loan-to-value ratio

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Loan-to-value ratio (LTV)

The ratio of money borrowed on a property to the property's fair market value.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Loan to Value Ratio

1. In mortgages, the ratio of the amount of a potential mortgage to the value of the property it is intended to finance, expressed as a percentage. It is used as a way to assess the risk of making a particular mortgage loan. A lower loan-to-value ratio is seen as a lower risk to the lender. Most mortgage lenders require a maximum loan-to-value ratio of 75%. That is, a borrower is usually expected to pay for 25% of the value of a property out-of-pocket.

2. More broadly, a ratio of the amount of a potential loan to the asset it is intended to finance. In addition to gauging the risk involved in making the loan, it tells the borrower whether or not the loan can be repaid if he/she sells the asset. This can be important if the borrower becomes unable make payments.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

loan-to-value (LTV) ratio

The relationship between the principal amount of a loan and the appraised value of the property serving as security. A loan of $80,000 on a property appraised at $100,000 is an 80 percent LTV.Residential mortgages with an LTV of 80 percent or less qualify for FHA insurance; if the ratio is higher, then borrowers may be required to obtain private mortgage insurance.Generally speaking, the higher the LTV, the higher the interest rate will be because the lender has assumed more risk.Those risks are as follows:(1) When there is little equity in the property, it has a low hostage value; the borrower is more likely to default and walk away from the property because the borrower has little to lose. (2) At foreclosure, the property may not bring a price sufficient to pay off the principal balance of the loan, much less the accrued interest and costs of foreclosure.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Loan-to-Value Ratio (LTV)

The loan amount divided by the lesser of the selling price or the appraised value.

The LTV and down payment are different ways of expressing the same facts. See Down Payment/Down Payment and LTV.

The Mortgage Encyclopedia. Copyright © 2004 by Jack Guttentag. Used with permission of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Studies consistently find that the level of equity (whether proxied by the loan-to-value ratio at the time of origination or by a contemporaneous measure of the ratio) is closely related to both the likelihood of default and the size of the loss in the event of default.
For example, PMI companies focus exclusively on mortgages that have high loan-to-value ratios - mortgages that are more often used by lower-income borrowers.
The Deutsche Bank CMBS is backed by 43 loans on 67 properties, and has an average 59.2 percent loan-to-value ratio, the term sheet said, adding that the collateral mostly comprises of retail, office and multifamily building loans.
Mortgages made up 39 percent of the portfolio with the loan-to-value ratio at 51 percent, the bank said.
Financing for this 39,773 s/f property was provided through a commercial mortgage lender at a 70% loan-to-value ratio and a 6.7% interest rate.
The original weighted-average loan-to-value ratio is 56.4%.The pool is well-diversified; the maximum single-obligor concentration had exposure of 0.01% of the outstanding principal balance as of the pool cut-off date.