Lloyd's of London

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Lloyd's of London

An insurance and reinsurance market in London. Active since the 1600s, it is not a company, but instead a society of individual and corporate members, who come together to spread and pool risk between themselves. Thus, Lloyd's insurance policies are backed by the financial stakes of its members. Lloyd's does not underwrite policies itself (it leaves that to members). but instead acts as a de facto regulator for the conditions under which its members offer policies.

Lloyd's has a three-tiered corporate structure: members, managers, and syndicates. Members provide capital and employ one or more underwriting syndicates. Managers provide the business infrastructure to syndicates for insurance and reinsurance policies. Syndicates underwrite risks and handle claims on particular policies. Complex and/or expensive policies often involve multiple syndicates. Lloyd's also employs brokers and service companies to facilitate transactions between clients and Lloyd's.