A shield of silica aerogel between two to three centimeters in thickness can permanently increase surface temperatures to allow liquid water
to exist on the surface.
"To sustain liquid water
at the outer edge of the conventional habitable zone, a planet would need tens of thousands of times more carbon dioxide than Earth has today," Schwieterman explained in a (https://phys.org/news/2019-06-narrows-advanced-life-universe.html) statement .
The new research does not take sides as to whether the liquid water
The brightest reflections from the base layer--close to the center of this image--are centered around 193[degrees]E / 81 [degrees]S in all intersecting orbits, outlining a 20-km-wide anomaly that Roberto Orosei and colleagues interpret as a pond of liquid water
"We interpret this feature as a stable body of liquid water
The supercooled droplets are considered as a continuous phase in the Eulerian method and droplet volume fraction [alpha] is used to represent the amount of liquid water
within a control volume.
Because of the existence of complete and quantitatively accurate thermodynamic potentials for liquid water
[1, 2] and for ice [3, 4], it is now possible to provide quantitative evaluation of approximations to Eq.
WASHINGTON, Sept 28 (KUNA) -- NASA announced on Monday that it has "strong evidence" that liquid water
exists on Mars, this discovery supports speculation that life may exist on the planet.
In the past, the measurement of liquid water
content in clouds has been carried out by research aircraft.
The exoplanet is the smallest one found in any star's habitable zone, a temperate region surrounding a star that is suitable for liquid water